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Wednesday, October 3, 2012

How Tripoli, and Sirte, Lost Their Water

August 3, 2012
last edits Oct. 3, 2012

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A fairly important side-issue in the upcoming report is the loss of Tripoli's clean water supply just as the rebel forces swept through in late August. As usual, I solicit further information that might help. Not that this is going to be a big section, but I can simmer lots of material down into a well-informed few paragraphs. First, the supporting case of what was done in later in the loyalist holdout city of Sirte.

Update 10/3: See revised section below

Sirte, A Latter Precedent
(source for the following: Situation in Sirte: Neither Good Nor Great.)
As rebels solidified their hold on Tripoli and turned their eyes east, an Associated Press report of September 1 passed on this threat from a rebel spokesman in Benghazi: "'in the end, we will get Sirte, even if we have to cut water and electricity' and let NATO pound it with airstrikes." In the end, the city was pounded with more ferocity than anyone expected, killing uncounted thousands over in about six weeks. Food and medicine were effectively embargoed, electricity was cut, and water was shut off to the best of the rebels' ability. Reuters reported that "both sides accuse the other of cutting off water and electricity, the U.N. source said." Why the Gaddafi loyalists trying to hold out would turn the water off on themselves is not the slightest bit clear.

Details were hazy last I looked, but it seems this was done in various ways:
- It's possible the pipes of the Great Manmade River into the city were disrupted, but we haven't seen direct evidence or claims to that effect (or have we?)
- Shelling and/or bombing broke open most of the city's water mains, draining the taps and flooding the streets. Rebels speculated Gaddafi did this to make "moats" to slow them down.
- The backup reservoirs were at least sometimes damaged, like at the city's main Ibn Sina hospital. The Red Cross reported "The first time we went to the hospital, we saw that the water reservoir had been hit by a rocket..."
- Clean water was brought in by the UN but not allowed in - it was for those in the giant forced traffic jam "on the road from Sirte." residents had to come out, surrender, and be allowed onto the road before they could have a drink.

The United Nations is sending trucks of drinking water for the increasing flow of civilians crammed into vehicles on the road from Sirte, heading either toward Benghazi to the east or Misrata to the west, he said. But fighting around the city, Gaddafi's hometown, and continuing insecurity around the Bani Walid area, the other loyalist hold-out, are preventing the world body from deploying aid workers [and water] inside, he said. [RN]

Tripoli Without Electricity or Water
Update 10/3: A belated update - the better research and compression completed before the report, copied directly from it. [read/download page]

The loss of the capitol’s water supply is an issue worthy of more study. It’s a well-known fact mentioned in most reports of the day, as people scavenged condensation from rooftop air conditioners just to get by, and hospitals couldn't clean up the unusual amounts of blood gathering there. The rebel-approved city council’s leader “said that between 60 and 70 per cent of the capital's residents do not have enough water,” the Telegraph reported, blaming a “technical problem” that would soon be fixed. [T6]

But there were widespread rumors, given a high and muddled profile even outside Libya, that loyalist sabotage was to blame. The New York Times' David Kirkpatrick noted how “rebel leaders … sought to link the shortages to fears about sniper fire and sabotage from retreating Qaddafi loyalists.” [DKN] Some echoes of their engineered fear said “BBC reporters are saying the water supply for Tripoli is contaminated, possibly poisoned.” [BB] The BBC actually reported how “the Telegraph's Rob Crilly tweets: Hearing that Gaddafi forces have been trying to disrupt Tripoli water supplies (and I hope nothing more sinister besides).” [BC] The Telegraph in turn reported how “fear began to spread after discarded pellets of aluminium phosphide were discovered at a civilian water plant close to Misurata.” [T4] The fears spread far, and the CIWCL sees no mechanism for the poison’s spread to Tripoli, aside from the movements of Misratan fighters.

Kirkpatrick suggested a prosaic cause for the lack of water; the Great Man-Made River stopped. The government hydration system, drawing from the massive Nubian Sandstone aquifer beneath the southern desert, needed electrical power to run. And this, as noted, was sporadic, in some places apparently cut. [DKN] An Al Jazeera English video report by James Bays, Aug.27, supports this. Standing atop the massive expanse of concrete lids at Tripoli’s “water plant,” Bays addressed rumors of sabotage or poisoning as “not true.” Rather, the tanks were all empty, unable to be re-supplied, as usual, “through a series of reservoirs, the furthest one in the deep south of Libya.” An electricity shortage there, 45 days running, was blamed for leaving “no way to pump water to the capitol.” Bays heard this from engineer Tarik Al-Shogman, who thought it might take a week or less to fix the problem if their engineers “successfully re-start the system.” [JBV]

Saudi Arabian news agency Al Arabiya reported on the 30th that more than a fuel problem, “the pumping station … had been damaged.” [AR] Damaged by what in July, if not NATO bombing, was unexplained. Further, the plant was in the city of Sabha, still loyalist-held, so to fix it would require a “big military force” to “escort a repair team of engineers,” and that force wasn’t available yet. [AR] The NTC’s assault on Sabha commenced around September 19, one week after the water problem in Tripoli was quietly fixed. [UT] So it doesn’t seem the real problem was there after all. Besides, it’s too coincidental for comfort how that would lead to the reserved water running out almost exactly on August 20, as the rebel assault started. It was “a week ago” when the water stopped, a local man told Bays on the 27th. [JBV]

The European Union's humanitarian office was told a different story; “pro-Gaddafi forces in Sirte,” not Sabha, “had cut off the water supply to Tripoli.” [TR] Again, the rumors presaged conflict; a rebel spokesman in Benghazi threatened the loyalist holdout city: “‘In the end, we will get Sirte, even if we have to cut water and electricity’ and let NATO pound it with airstrikes.” [CLS] Over six weeks, intense bombing and surface attacks fairly leveled the whole city, and killed uncounted thousands. The only way to leave was through a checkpoint run by people who had already promised to “punish even those that supported Muammar with words.” [CLS] Electricity was cut and water mains were burst, backup reservoirs were damaged, trucked in water from the UN was kept outside the city, and Reuters heard “both sides accuse the other of cutting off water and electricity” there. In addition, fuel, food, and medicine were effectively embargoed by various documented tricks; the very density of NTC war crimes against Sirte is staggering.

In both Tripoli and Sirte, the loss of water and electricity were blamed on the attacked government, but best served the opposition, and was likely their doing. What they told the world was likely a string of inconsistent cover stories, where the rebels turned off nothing. NYT’s Kirkpatrick captured the one known exception, where minister Farage Sayeh in Tripoli may have admitted the partial truth when he “said in an interview that the rebels had turned off the city’s water supply,” but only to help, on the unsubstantiated rumors “that Qaddafi loyalists had poisoned it.” [DKN]

Non-included original paragraphs
Tawergha, and other rebel-hammered cities, were "close to Misrata"... Okay, there's a method for spreading now that Misratan attackers were in the capitol.  This is the best evidence I can find for any reason to suspect the same in besieged Tripoli.

If "Gaddafi loyalists" had poisoned the water, that might be why the "technical problem" was about to arise – as stated, they turned it off somehow to avoid poisoning. They were only trying to help, not to thirst a city of millions into surrender which would, I believe, be a serious war crime.

[BB] http://www.blindbatnews.com/2011/08/tripoli-water-supply-poisoned-gaddafi-says-war-is-still-on-rebel-positions-near-tunis-under-attack/6667
[BC] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14610722
[DKN] Rebel Government Struggles to Restore Water and Power in Tripoli. David D. Kirkpatrick, New York Times, August 27, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/28/world/africa/28libya.html?pagewanted=all
[FT]Tripoli Water Shortage blamed on sabotage. Financial Times, August 31.
[RN] UPDATE 2-NTC seeks UN help for wounded in Sirte-UN source. By Stephanie Nebehay, Reuters, Sept. 29, 2011. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/29/libya-aid-idUSL5E7KT3E020110929
[T4]“Libya: Col Gaddafi troops may have poisoned country's water supply” Martin Evans. The Telegraph, August 24, 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/8721049/Libya-Col-Gaddafi-troops-may-have-poisoned-countrys-water-supply.html
[T6] “Libya: Up to 50,000 people imprisoned by Gaddafi regime are missing, rebels claim” By Gordon Rayner, The Telegraph, Aug 28, 2011.


  1. http://twitpic.com/8xphyb

    Gaddafi's GMMR Project Water Poisoned by #NATO #USA depleted uranium #Tripoli #Libya #Algeria #Morocco #Obama



    The first officially admitted victim of depleted uranium, wich was applied by NATO in Libya

    1. Oh, no... I've never been sure how much of the DU stuff is true -it was surely used in Libya. That case, sounds like, was from inhalation and not drinking, but I doubt any of that's certain. I hope the diagnosis is wrong and this was just some lady's fluke genetic defect. Because if not, there's little future for the people of Sirte, even if they all relocate now.

    2. http://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2011/07/27/great-man-made-river-nato-bombs/
      NATO bombs the Great Man-Made River

      NATO contaminating Libya water with depleted uranium

      Related ?
      30 dead new born babies recovered from food refrigerators at the central hospital of Al-Jalaa in #Tripoli #Libya /Free Libya Now ‏@Liberty4Libya/3 aug 2012


    3. Conn Hallinan is a columnist with Foreign Policy in Focus and says that, after examining the impact wounds left on tanks in Libya, he is almost certain that depleted uranium is being utilized. “Politically, it’s a bad idea.

      Medically, it’s an extremely bad idea.

      It’s just one of those things that’s an effective weapon that you have to step away from,” says Hallinan, who attests that, why the element is both affordable and powerful, “It’s just a very, very bad idea.”

      Dr. Doug Rokke, the ex-director of the Pentagon’s Depleted Uranium Project, says that there is no way to totally decontaminate an area hit with uranium, an element that has a half-life of 4.5 billion years and has thus earned the title “the silent killer that will never stop killing.” Rokke today says he was told by the government to lie about the effects of uranium and that most of the crew he worked with is now dead.

      Hallinan says that given the amount of depleted uranium in the hands of the US—one of the few countries that has refused to sign on to the UN’s Human Rights Commission’ ban on the element—we’re going to only further saturate foreign battlefields with the toxic metal in years to come.

      “The price that you pay for it in the end is simply too high” says Hallinan.


    4. chris busby

      (perhaps in libya it was not ("only") depleted uranium, perhaps it was enriched too! ... we have to clean up our nuclear matrial, so lets make a war ... and another , and ...)


      "Prof Chris Busby was invited to Stockholm on Nov 19th 2011 to present the results of the studies he made with his colleagues into the health effects in and contamination of Fallujah Iraq. He begins by showing a video of a small modern ground based missile that is capable of atomising a tank, and asks what kind of explosive warhead could have such power? The studies, carried out with Malak Hamdan , Samira Alaani, Eleonore Blaurock Busch and others showed unbelieveable levels of cancer and congenital malformation which appeared after the 2004 US led attack of the city. Leukemia and other cancer increases were greater than those produced by Hiroshima. For the first time, Busby presents specific data on congenital malformations in Fallujah from a yet unpublished study. The cause of these effects was found by analysing the hair of the parents of the children with congenital malformations. It was Enriched Uranium which, Busby argues, must be some component of a new type of weapon. He believes that this discovery is what is behind the recent global operation to destroy his scientific credibility, as this is a secret that was not meant to become public.


    5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Ht065FJEc4&feature=youtu.be
      Uranium bombs in Libya US, UK 'habit of deploying radioactive arms'
      @ 1.03

      uranium bombs mean that the genetic code in the people has broken,
      there are very small nano size particles , they will give birth to mutilated children,
      and that means there has to be an inquiry

      and also there has to be a second inquiry how the uprising in libiya started and who did that, because that was certainly done from the outside , given this preknowledge of training of nato bombers like from danmark for attacks on libiya


      @ 2.32 @ 3.16

      -Depleted uranium-s toxic legacy to poison Libya for 40 years- [05:21]

  2. Belhaj and other militant factions constituting the “Libyan rebels” would go on a genocidal rampage throughout the country, encircling cities like Bani Walid and Sirte, cutting off food, water, electricity, and emergency aid while NATO mercilessly bombed populated city centers for days, weeks, and in the case of Sirte, months.


  3. August 27, 2011 The morgue at Tripoli's main hospital also has no water, an AFP correspondent said, with workers there struggling to clean up the blood from those killed in days of fighting in the capital.

    A worker at the morgue told AFP Kadhafi had cut off the water supply from desert ground water at Jebel Hasuna, around 700 kilometres (450 miles) to the south of Tripoli, through the so-called Great Manmade River Project.


    Libyan rebels on Saturday denied that deposed leader Moamer Kadhafi had cut off Tripoli's water supply, which arrives from southern deserts, amid shortages in the capital, including at the main hospital.

  4. Aug 30, 2011/(Reuters) - Pro-Gaddafi forces in Sirte have cut two-thirds of the water supply to Tripoli, according to a report by the European Union's humanitarian office (ECHO) obtained by Reuters on Tuesday.

    The United Nations human rights spokesman in Geneva, Rupert Colville, said that shutting off the water supply could possibly be classified as a crime against humanity.

    "I haven't heard any reports that it has been deliberately cut off. But it could be. Water is a life-sustaining essential," Colville told a news briefing.

    "If someone deliberately cut off the water supply with the intention of killing people, that could be an international crime, probably a crime against humanity. But I see no suggestion of that at this point," he said.

  5. Seems like NATO bombed the Brega plant on July 22th,[3] but it's not clear if they cut off the water supply or not.
    Do anyone have more info on this? – Danmichaelo (talk) 23:47, 23 October 2011 (UTC)


    Found another source for the Brega plant bombing: Reuters – Danmichaelo (talk) 00:09, 24 October 2011 (UTC)



    1. Since the NATO air attacks on Libya began in March, most foreign nationals have returned home, including those employed on the hydro scheme

      On 22 July this year, four months into the air strikes to "protect civilians", NATO forces hit the GMMR water supply pipeline. For good measure the following day, NATO destroyed the factory near Brega that produces the pipes to repair it, along with killing six guards there.

      NATO air strikes on the electricity supply, as well as depriving civilians of electricity, mean that water pumping stations are no longer operating in areas even where the pipelines remain intact.

      Water supply for the 70% of the population who depend on the piped supply has been compromised with this damage to Libya's vital infrastructure.


    2. Since the NATO air attacks on Libya began in March, most foreign nationals have returned home, including those employed on the hydro scheme :

      9/6 - 9/10 From a Good Source - Libya Uprising Archive
      www.libyauprisingarchive.com/96---910-from-a -...

      Yonhap news agency: South Korea sending water engineers to restore water supply. ......

    3. 1 more source of the attack on the pipelines by nato on 22 july 2011 :

      NATO has committed another war crime, targeting a civilian water supply network which brings water to 70% of Libya's population, according to Pravda.Ru sources in Libya.

      The general manager of the Man Made River Corporation which controls the pipeline reports it was hit in a NATO strike on Friday. [= 22july 2011]


  6. tripoli : no water , no petrol needed for electrical power to run :


    1. G.M.M.R.C executing a hydraulic project for The Authority Of Utilization of JABAL HASUNA JAFARE Water System Of Great Man Made River.
      The pumping station was completed and KSB was subsequently responsible for servicing the plant and providing technical support for one year after completion.

      8th WONDER of the WORLD

  7. As antidotum for all the sickening MSM/TNC demonisation I like to recall :

    tripoli attack :

    Gaddafi ordered the withdrawal and "not put out the fire with fire.

    "I worked in north Africa for 4 years ,and spent 9 mths in Libya in 2007 ,and it was such a beautiful country ,and the Libyan people were always smiling and joking ,and Libya was spotless ,even on desert highroads it was spotless ,the country was well looked after ,and see what is happening now to it ,just sickens me ,they blown it back to the bloodly stone ages.

    No one was scared of Gaddafi ,the difference in Libya is if you committed a crime ,you get punished hard ,is this what Gaddafi was doing wrong ,not letting the criminal have more rights then the hard working citizens like the west advocates ? "

  8. http://fi.somethingawful.com/images/title-brown-moses.gif

    The water is off in Tripoli, the rumour is the Bani Walid Gaddafi forces targeted a set of pumps with grad missiles that pumps the water up to Tripoli.

  9. Peter Gleick, :CEO Pacific Institute, MacArthur Fellow, National Academy of Sciences :
    Water as a weapon: Qaddafi's last desperate gamble


    "Gadhafi loyalists currently retain immense freedom of action and possess both the capability and incentive to attack targets affiliated with the GMMR.

    According to officials of Libya’s National Transitional Council, Qaddafi forces vandalized water pumps located in the desert that supply much of Tripoli's water.

  10. However, over the course of the conflict, the supply of diesel was impacted by anti-Gaddafi forces shutting off oil supplies at refinery stations, damages sustained to refinery stations as a result of fighting, and the smuggling of diesel out of the country.6

    In July 2011, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs’ (OCHA) Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) cluster7 was concerned about the impact that fuel and electricity shortages would have on the GMMR’s ability to continue to supply water.

    The WASH sector’s ability to respond to the water needs of citizens was hampered by the sheer magnitude of the problems which included the extensive damage to the power structure, lack of maintenance of the systems and the high demand for spare parts.
    According to OCHA, Tripoli and surrounding areas began to experience a shortage of water on 22 August. Some regional water reservoirs, originally kept full by water pumped through the GMMR, became empty.
    Amidst rumours that Gaddafi forces poisoned water sources at water plants, the minister for capacity building in the National Transitional Council (NTC), Farage Sayeh, said in an interview in late August that the rebels had turned off the city’s water supply
    Due in part to the fact that the looting of GMMR Authority offices and supplies resulted in an urgent need for water quality surveillance equipment and water treatment chemicals, the Arabian Gulf company AGECO provided 200 tonnes of Belgard Antiscalant chemicals to be distributed to all of the eastern desalination plants.
    In April 2011 An official from the GMMR Authority (GMRA) in Benghazi stated that a water crisis was an unavoidable result of fighting in Tripoli

  11. An excellent article from Sept. 2, 2011:

    Already covered better than this will ever do.

    1. good article , but yours too, it has another focus :

      poisoning/deliberately cut off/ who dunnit

      Side effect of your article: demonisation just based on rumours by media becomes so obvious

      water many times used as weapon :

  12. http://libya360.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/sirte-after-nato-bombardments.jpg

    Image: Real genocidal atrocities during the "Arab Spring" occurred at the hands of NATO and its proxy sectarian terrorists. Pictured is Sirte, Libya, after NATO-armed rebels surrounded it, cut off power, water, food, and emergency aid, and allowed NATO to bombard it with daily airstrikes before a final orgy of death and destruction left its streets and facades crumbling.

  13. Al-Arabiya reported the following nonsense on August 30:
    A council spokesman said the pumping station for Tripoli’s water supply that lies in the distant desert town of Sabha, still loyal to Qaddafi, had been damaged. The big military force needed to escort a repair team of engineers was not available.

    See also comments here http://libyancivilwar.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/on-medical-neutrality-and-violations-of.html

    A German source Berliner Zeitung said that the whole of Tripoli was plunged into darkness on the evening of Friday 26 August (time of the Khamis shed video)„Die ganze Stadt ist schwarz“,

    See who started the rumour of the poisoned water:
    Libya conflict Rumors circulating that water supply in Tripoli is poisoned. 'Many are taking such rumours seriously' - @BBCNews
    Story metadata:
    Submitted Aug 24, 2011, 2:30 a.m. from www.bbc.co.uk by editor

    Strangely, in February 2011, the same was being said, denied by rebels...
    shabablibya LibyanYouthMovement
    I can see that people in Tripoli are hearing of poisoned water, please ignore it is scare tactics used before to cause panic #Libya #Feb17
    02/24/2011 Reply Retweet Favorite 96

    1. Interesting adds, thanks. The report is nearing done, that section was one of those at 100%. I'll review this stuff and see about an addition.

  14. early al jazeera water cut off allegation :


    @ 1.18 nalut : khadafi has cut off the water & electricity

    mohamed ahmed al khameisi , TNC , nalut elder

    first nato airstrikes , so you can wonder what happened to the 50/100 vehicles with living people inside
    Think allegation can be placed in same category as :


    Gaddafi use standard torsion toxic gases to the people of Libya in Misurata

    long time these poor victims of an evil regime had no water :
    Apr 25, 2011 - August 1, 2011

    electricity is off more than it is on. August 1, 2011

  15. James Bays, AL Jazeera interviews an engineer
    Tarik Al Shogman. Bays says they haven't had electricity for 45 days in the South of Libya where the water is pumped from. Credible? ~

    1. A great source, details, makes a sort of sense, will make me have to re-draft that whole sub-section. (and throw off the pagination I thought I had set at 55pp) It definitely sounds like there are some missing parts of that story, at least. Mid-July, Sabha was without power -why? And ever since? Well, fuel shortages were the desired effect of sanctions, and electricity might run on that? They weren't allowed nuclear energy, and somehowweere unable to refine much there... okay, possible sense there. The water does come from under the desert in the south. If a local reservoir were drained, 45days, maybe? Then it'd be gone.

      It just so happens that reservoir got empty (without warning and to conserve the last 1%?), just about exactly on August 20-22. That's what the locals were saying. A steep coincidence.

      Thanks, think maybe I can sum it up all up now in the same space.

    2. A whole re-write of the section is underway, and will be posted in this space.

      Interesting bit on Sabha. It was to protect the engineers needed to get the water back on that a "big military force" going to Sabha was first mentioned. Wikipedia has the battle of Sabha starting Sept. 19. News reports like this have the water back on in Tripoli by the 14th at the latest. No explanation what the fixed problem had been:
      Less than a month after Muammar Qaddafi’s fall, Tripoli is bustling. Shoppers throng markets. Banks are open. Electricity and water are back, most of the time. Out in the desert, some oil flows.
      As usual, electricity and water tend to do the same things, as if on an inseperable team.

    3. Two more sources, one putting sporadic water by no later than the 12th

      And another with EU Human Rights people blaming G loyalists in Sabha. Interesting, but I may ignore it or barely cite it for the report. Here for the record though:
      Earlier this week aid agency sources said pro-Gaddafi forces in Sirte had cut off the water supply to Tripoli, which has been struggling to find enough water after a reservoir dried up and its main supply from the south was dwindling.
      He said Tripoli and the surrounding area -- with a total population of about 4 million people -- was without running water because of a technical problem with the wells which supply the Great Man-Made River.

      "There is a technical problem in the south which has resulted in the shutting down of 580 wells ... There have been reports about possible insecurity in the areas where the water comes from," he said.

      He said engineers had travelled to the area to start fixing the problem. "Thirty of the wells have started functioning again," he said. But finding a lasting solution was urgent.

    4. There is a technical problem in the south which has resulted in the shutting down of 580 wells .... Really!

  16. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2011/Aug-07/Power-petrol-shortages-in-Tripoli-irk-Libyans.ashx#ixzz23LNov8jD

    OPEC member Libya, which has Africa's largest crude oil reserves, uses its gas and diesel supplies to generate electricity but has relied on gasoline imports for vehicles.

    International sanctions have hindered trade while the rebels have tried to cripple Gaddafi's military and political power by shutting off oil supplies to the Zawiyah refinery near Tripoli.

    Adding to the problem, the government says, is smuggling of Libyan diesel, which should be going to fuel power stations, into neighbouring Tunisia where it is traded for petrol that can be sold for vehicle use in Libya.

    August 07, 2011 ,Power, petrol shortages in Tripoli irk Libyans

    One area on the eastern outskirts of Tripoli, Tajoura, went without power for 28 hours this week. Foreign embassies have also suffered power outages that last for most of the day.

    Mohamed Abu Ajeela Rashid, a former Libyan health minister who is now a senior hospital doctor, said the shortages were causing serious problems.
    On Saturday, he said, power was cut off while he was performing an operation and he had to complete it by the light of his cell phone.
    8 aug The rapid deterioration of power supplies in Tripoli over the past two weeks has come as a shock to many Libyans.

    Some residents complain pumps have stopped channeling water to their apartment buildings, leaving them without both water and light.


  17. http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2011/08/16/139667236/rebels-encircle-tripoli-threaten-to-cut-off-gadhafi-supplies

    According to multiple news outlets, the rebels have slowly worked their way around the city and are now in a position to cut off supplies to Muammar Gaddafi's regime.

    August 16, 2011 Rebels claim to have cut off all four pipelines that transport gasoline and diesel to Tripoli.

    They also claim to be on the verge of cutting the city off from the two remaining supply routes (critical for the city because of the NATO-imposed no-fly zone), although neither assertion could be confirmed, the AP reports.

    Monitor reporter Dan Murphy noted yesterday that the supply line from Tripoli to Tunisia is critical to Qaddafi's survival.

    As of Monday, the rebels were fighting for control of refineries and were reportedly in control of Tripoli's key supply routes and oil pipelines, with the ability to completely isolate the capital.


    Any fight for Tripoli can be expected to be extremely bloody," said David Hartwell, North Africa and Middle East analyst at IHS Jane's, a defence and security consultancy.

    "My guess is the strategy is to isolate the capital and start applying pressure ... They (the rebels) seem to be trying to cut the links to the capital, one assumes with the aim of not having to assault the capital."

    1. My guess is the strategy of starvation, h

  18. August 20, 2011 Meanwhile, a NATO airstrike destroyed the home of Abdullah al-Sanussi,
    the head of Libya's intelligence service and a brother-in-law of Gadhafi's, neighbors and Libyan government officials said Friday.

    The strike also destroyed a school and medical store, neighbors and officials said.


    23 August 2011 Overnight, Tripoli was pitch black.

    All the electricity got cut, we only just got power back.

    But to find a capital city completely in blackness, not one light, for miles and miles, it's an eerie thing. It is very unnerving.




    24/08/2011 - Water in Tripoli 'may be poisoned'

  19. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/world/july-dec11/libya_08-25.html

    25 aug 2011 / @ 6.06 late today at the united nations a US official said an agreement has been reached and a deal that would give the rebels access to an one and a half billion dollars in libiyan assets now frozen in US banks.

    The funds will be targetted for humanitarian efforts


    26 aug 2011 NATO denied Thursday coordinating with the rebels and targeting Qaddafi, after Britain said the alliance was helping to hunt him down.

    The situation in Tripoli remained tense Friday.

    The water supply to the city was cut off, and food was running low.

    Residents were organizing neighborhood watch efforts to root out snipers, and an increasing number of road blocks made travel around the city difficult.


  20. Meanwhile, Alamin Belhaj,
    a member of the rebels' leadership,
    the National Transitional Council, told CNN that its priorities are now

    the liberation of Tripoli; security; and water and fuel services.


    Belhaj said he didn't know why the water mains have been running dry in Tripoli and speculated it could be sabotage or power cuts by pro-government forces.

    One plan calls for 100 water tankers to come to Tripoli, and a ship with water is already heading toward the Libyan capital, Belhaj said.

    A number of Tripoli residents get their water from wells, he added.

  21. In recent developments UNICEF has warned of shortages of water due to the NATO bombing of water infrastructure throughout the country.

    "This could turn into an unprecedented health epidemic “ said Christian Balslev-Olesen of UNICEF's Libya Office.


    According to sources from our correspondent in Tripoli, the death toll in the course of the last week (20-26 August) is of the order of 3000.

    The hospitals are in a state of turmoil, unable to come to the rescue of the wounded.

    The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) confirms that medical supplies are in short supply throughout the country.

    1. sorry some medical violations came on the water page,
      I'll continue on first mentioned page

  22. The International Medical Corps, a Washington DC based NGO, also reported (how did it get the information?) on the water supply problems on August 25:
    To the south, Gaddafi forces also appear to be centralizing in Sabha, with battles also soon expected in this area. International Medical Corps’ teams remain prepared to deploy towards Sirte and Sabha if medical support is needed.

    Over the past 24 hours, information as to the shortage of water supplies in Tripoli has been received. Panos Moumtzis, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Libya, has issued information regarding an immediate request for international assistance to make available 4 million liters of water per day for Tripoli, with at least 2.5 million people without water in Tripoli and surroundings. The Great Man-made River Authorities in Jebel Hassouna (in the south of Libya) is reported to have been taken by forces still loyal to Gaddafi, with the well-field operator and all staff abandoning their stations. These water wells serve the entire population of Tripoli, the western coastal area from Misrata to Tripoli and onwards to the Tunisian border (approximately 4 million people). There are a total of 550 wells in Jebel Hassouna, with reports that only 30 are running at the moment, meaning that there is not enough water to reach Tripoli but possibly enough only for Misurata.

    Hakan Bilgin - country director, Libya.

    The story again makes no sense, pace other reports of "technical problems". What was the real position in Sabha/Sebha in mid-late August 2011??

    1. UN report, dated August 30
      "...but access to the well fields near the oasis of Sabha and Jabal Hassouna in the south has so far been hindered by insecurity."


      Meanwhile, back in Bani Walid, Tripoli, Sirte,

  23. B. New Man-Made River Company camp

    Position: 31o58’58.49” N, 12o30’09.92” E

    Site: A new camp that was used by Man-made river company

    Force: Missile launcher

    Method of observation: telescope (Sand/smoke in air was seen)

    Time: Friday June,3


  24. Some water "accidents" 2012 :

    Mar-19-2012 Occurred On: Mar-19-2012
    Water tank accident in Libyan desert

    Democracy& Freedom, NATO Rats fixing a working water tank in Tawerga, Libya

    Libya - Water tank list

    tripoli 2011 aug ,

    1. 2012 aug

      #Libya: 14 – 15 Aug, electricity reportedly cut for number of hours in Hay Al Andalus & BenAshour #Tripoli. Janzour frequently w/out power

      #Libya: Minister of Electricity, Awad Barasi, meets to discuss Libyan blackout crisis - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYZnPlaBLzE

      Published on Aug 14, 2012 by SheikhKishk

      15 aug 2012/ #Libya: Awad Barasi, Minister of Electricity, has reportedly entered hospital in #Benghazi for medical tests

    2. 16 august , Scott Taylor , Chronicle Herald :
      at present it is the gasoline shortage due to the embargo and lack of electricity from Nato's bombing that are causing the most hardship to Libiyans inside Ghadafi's controlled sectors

  25. This photo was taken on June 1, 2011 using a Canon EOS 400D Digital./WFP in Misrata


    August 13, 2011

    Just two weeks before the mysterious assassination of General Younes raised those questions, the United States formally recognized the rebels’ Transitional National Council as Libya’s legitimate government, potentially allowing it to tap about $3.5 billion in liquid assets and, over the long term, the rest of the $30 billion of the Qaddafi government’s frozen investments.

    United States officials say that rebel leaders have pledged to allocate the money in a way that is “transparent” and “inclusive,” and that the United States is encouraging its use for health care, electricity and other services in rebel-held territory

  26. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/08/30/us-libya-water-idUSTRE77T1PF20110830

    Aug 30, 2011 "The valve allowing the transfer of 200,000 cubic meters (a day) from the Eastern system is in Sirte, and GF (Gaddafi forces) are keeping it closed,"
    the ECHO report said


    According to NATO’s own figures, Sirte has been bombed with 340 “key hits” from 25th August to 16th September.

  27. last bombardment 20 oct 2011:

    First the rebels would approach Sirte as close at they dared and fire armor piercing and high explosive antiaircraft rounds by the tons worth. 23 mm rounds can penetrate up to 4 inches of armor plating leaving little protection by concrete walls for Sirtes people.

    When the murderous high explosives fire became to much to bear, the Sirteans would charge out from their homes and bomb shelters and drive the rebels into a hurried flight, looking all to much like dogs whipped in a fight, fleeing with their tales between their legs glancing fearfully over their shoulders.

    Then an apocalyptic fire and brimstone would rain down upon their heads via NATO warplanes circling at 30,000 feet and more Sirtean heroes would lie burnt or blasted under the fierce Libyan desert sun. Once, twice, thrice, some ten or more such cycles were repeated with the dwindling defenders of Sirte retreating to smaller and smaller neighborhoods.

    The week of the final defeat saw one last counter attack, one last whipped dog scramble for safety by the rebels and one last high explosive onslaught by NATO in revenge and Sirte lay on the verge of total destruction.

    Then came that last sally forth, what was a successful fighting retreat until NATO missiles incinerated the column of trucks as they made their way to freedom breaking through the encirclement of Sirte.


  28. http://i.huffpost.com/gadgets/slideshows/192840/slide_192840_396405_large.jpg?1318006653

    10/07/11 , no shortages at rebel side apparently

    1. vulnerable people = rebel help

      Muslims Without Borders’ medical convoy arrived at the Libyan border on Wednesday, February 23rd

      with a shipment of emergency medical supplies.

      The shipment was delivered to to Al Jalaa Hospital in Bengazi on February 24th.

      MWB was the first American NGO to operate inside Libya.



      From February to October 2011, the violence against the vulnerable people of Libya led to the deaths of over 25,000 persons, as well as injuries to more than 60,000 others.

      Mercy-USA for Aid and Development, in partnership with the Arab Medical Union (AMU) based in Cairo, Egypt, sent specialized physicians, surgeons and nurses to hospitals inside eastern Libya, Misrata and Zintan in the western part of the country.

  29. http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/libya102011/s_l14_29092827.jpg

    center of the city on October 12, 2011 in Sirte, Libya.


    other topic ,also 12 oct


    center of the city on October 14, 2011 in Sirte, Libya.

    area ? 19 oct

    dollar 2 area 19 oct does not have these waterflooded streets

  30. 29-09-2011 Operational Update ,Sirte


    "Civilians fleeing Sirte report that water and electricity in the city are cut most of the time, food reserves are very low and access to health care is very difficult," said Georges Comninos, the head of the ICRC delegation in Tripoli.

    "We are also hearing about severe shortages of medical supplies in the hospital

    The ICRC is stepping up its efforts to obtain access to Sirte as rapidly as possible.

    It has a ship loaded with medical and relief supplies that is ready to leave from the port of Misrata

    1. for African countries ICRC have maps, for Libiya they have :

  31. oct 6 2011


    Sirte hospital is in a desolate situation.

    Reportedly some 1.000 patients have died during last week, because the most simple daily medicines like antibiotics, heart medicine, insulin and other life saving drugs have depleted to zero.

    Another 1.000 are said to have died, because of lack of sufficient medical staff to tend the wounded, because of lack of oxygen, lack of sterile bandages, and life saving emergency medicines like adrenaline or anesthetics for operations.

    Drinking water is running critically low.

    Electricity is on and off.

    A city inside the most oil rich nation of Africa is running low on petrol for cars and emergency generators. The city is bracing itself for another round of indiscriminate shelling followed by a storm on the city center.

  32. March 19 2012 , Bani Walid


    Statement of Warfalla tribe about the explosion of the man-made river pipeline: It was not a technical fault, it was a sabotage, they are trying to displace the whole city, not caring about the children, or the ones which they already orphaned!

  33. oct 2012 Bani Walid :

    AI: "Local doctors said (...) three vehicles carrying medical supplies, oxygen, and medical personnel were prevented from reaching the city"

    "Local residents told Amnesty International that vehicles carrying petrol, water and food supplies (...) had also been turned back"

    "Amnesty noted that hundreds of Bani Walid residents have also been arrested by militias & remain held w/o charge in detention centres."

    Libyan troops deploy around Bani Walid
    TRIPOLI Libyan militias, operating alongside the Defence Ministry, have deployed their forces around a former stronghold of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, officials said late on Wednesday, stoking fears of impending fighting.

  34. http://i49.tinypic.com/10sawqs.jpg

    towergha damage , water , 20 august 2011

  35. https://rt.com/files/news/libya-gaddafi-executions-sirte-608/i6c990c7032b9284e8ebb47927a20201c_k-4.jpg

    water treatment plant sirte



    February 23, 2012 – Version 2.0


    damaged and destroyed buildings , pag 16 ,17





    1. http://www.water-technology.net/projects/gmr/

  36. october 29 2011/Twenty-six unmarked makeshift graves covered by breeze-blocks were discovered at a water treatment plant in Number Two district where pro-Kadhafi fighters put up a final stand after several weeks of heavy bombardment.

    As a pungent odour filled the air due to the bodies’ state of decomposition, the shallow graves in the sand were found scattered amidst the plant’s devastated buildings, an AFP correspondent on the spot said.

    According to Ibrahim Suleiman, one of the volunteers collecting bodies in Sirte over the past week, they were of pro-Kadhafi fighters hastily buried by comrades as new regime forces closed in on the city.

    In the centre, at the crossroads of Dubai and September 1 streets, Libyan charity Jabal al-Akhdar told AFP more than 50 bodies of civilians were found under the rubble of a several-storey building flattened in a NATO air strike.

    “There are more than 50 civilians under the rubble, of women, of children. It’s horrible. We can’t get access. It would take bulldozers,” said a teary-eyed member of the charity, Mohammed Muftah.

    Local residents backed up the account of an air strike that left behind a huge crater of the type that could not have been left by weapons used by Kadhafi’s fighters or their foes in the National Transitional Council.


  37. In this vid you can clearly see where Sirte lost her water :


    btw : tripoli has no water since 5 days, caused by hitting electric pumps in Bani Walid area

    @libyaherald You should know AND REPORT that not the fighters of BaniWalid but the Government Militias were in that area of the power lines

  38. http://libyanfreepress.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/libya-water-grid.gif?w=500

    libiya water grid


    In the end, we will get Sirte, even if we have to cut water and electricity and let NATO pound it with airstrikes." AP cited Mohammed al-Rajali, a spokesman for the rebel leadership in the eastern city of Benghazi.

  39. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PL-K7tBChUk&feature=BFa&list=ULZWPkBjHvCG0

    upload 24 oct 2011: @ 2.56 & further 60 % of the country right now doesn't have running water

    one of the countries main water systems completely destroyed
    still disputed it was [destroyed by] nATO or Khadafi loyalists

    [ @ 3.58 the ppl who my collegue has interviewed some months ago ,
    are killed ]

  40. . Mr. Zouaoui made it clear that capturing Sirte was not being considered as a “strategic objective” removing the urgency to launch a swift assault on the town.

    He said rebel fighters can afford to play a waiting game,

    cutting its vital supplies

    and waiting beyond a week before deciding on a definite plan of action to capture it

  41. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VrqmZDgS0es

    @0.37 : nato force killed 9 people who worked for the State Water Company

  42. On October 13, Dr. Gabriele Rossi, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) emergency coordinator, discussed the very serious situation in Sirte. On the night following the interview, six patients died at Ibn Sina hospital because they could not be operated on. In the northern part of town, thousands of civilians remain completely trapped by the fighting.

    In the hospital we have electricity, thanks to a generator, but until today there was no water. The atmosphere in the hospital is extremely heavy. There are about 50 patients, all with trauma wounds, fractures or burns, and all in need of surgery. Most of the patients are young adults, but we also have some women and children who have been injured in the fighting.

    In the past few days, the patients haven’t been able to receive proper medical care, due to a shortage of doctors and due to the lack of water. Without water it’s impossible to do any kind of surgical intervention. The wounds of some patients are really bad and very infected. They need urgent surgical debridement. The situation is very serious.

    MSF has brought in 50,000 liters of water and more water was brought in by other actors. So we now have water running in the hospital.

    Ibn Sina hospital is in a very damaged state, with signs of the heavy fighting. All the patients are on the ground floor, while, on the first floor and in the basement, about 50 people are taking shelter from the violence and waiting for the chance to leave.

    Security-wise, the hospital is not safe. Yesterday and today, there have been a lot of fighters entering the hospital with guns, checking every patient, and looking for we don’t know who. It is very important that hospitals, medical staff, and ambulances are allowed to provide aid unhindered and in safety. For our team it’s not safe to stay here at night for the moment, so each evening we make the two-hour journey back to our base in Misrata.

    The hospital’s medical staff have been amazing. I would say they have been truly heroic. In the past weeks, there were about five Libyan doctors working here and 25 to 30 nurses, many from India and Bangladesh. The staff have worked through the intense crisis of the past few weeks and been directly exposed to violence. They have worked under shelling, under bombing, and under the threats of Gaddafi loyalists ordering them to come and treat their soldiers. Now they are exhausted and need all the support they can get.

    Fortunately, the staff situation is better now, as the hospital has just received eight medical doctors from Tripoli—including surgeons and anaesthetists—and four more nurses. So now the situation is returning to normality. MSF’s team is made up of three medical doctors, two nurses and a psychologist, and we have just been joined by two more nurses and two psychologists.


  43. Joanne was one of the main ppl who advocated starving; depriving of water in Feb17 war!!

    Joanne ♌ Leo ‏@FromJoanne

    1. Same situation in Siriya :

      7 december 2012 rebels in Aleppo stole grain silos supply,
      so people are starving. they attacked fuel supplies to the power station, no electricity #Syria

      27 oct 2012 Terrorists targeted 5 water pumps in #Aleppo creating a water shortage. #Syria
      just confirmed the water outage in Aleppo city is due to the sabotage of the main water pumps in Slieman Halabi area, rebels to blame #Syria

  44. Sirte :

    The population has not had access to running water and a regular electricity supply since August

    Dr Siraj Assouri, who was in Sirte last weekend, told the Guardian that basic medical supplies had run out and people were resorting to drinking contaminated water to survive. “There is no medicine for heart disease or blood pressure, or baby milk or nappies,” he explained. “There is very little water that is drinkable. The water is contaminated with waste oil.”


    4 October 2011 Numerous reports have emerged from civilians who have managed to flee Sirte in recent days about NATO bombs destroying homes and other civilian buildings and infrastructure.

    Ashiq Hussein, an immigrant Pakistani electrician who escaped with 11 of his family members, told AFP: “NATO struck one big building, Imarat Tamim, two days ago, with 12 or 13 bombs. The whole building with nearly 600 flats is razed to the ground now… Two of my neighbours died yesterday in a NATO bomb which hit their home.

    According to official figures released in Brussels, 78 strike sorties were carried out last Saturday and Sunday, with all but two of the confirmed “key hits” occurring in Sirte.

    ICRC team leader Hichem Khadhraoui told AFP: “Several rockets landed within the hospital buildings while we were there.

    The incident appears to have been another premeditated war crime carried out by NTC forces. Al Jazeera reported that “NTC fighters are unhappy with the ICRC for delivering supplies to the town rather than evacuating wounded people and searching for disappeared residents.”

    On Saturday, NTC chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil announced a two-day “humanitarian” ceasefire, supposedly to allow more civilians to evacuate. Yet the attack on Sirte’s hospital occurred during this so-called ceasefire, while journalists on the city’s outskirts reported no let up in the militias’ indiscriminate mortar and rocket fire.

    A similar campaign was waged in the lead up to the US assault of the Iraqi city of Fallujah in November-December 2004. After demanding that civilians flee, the commanders of the 10,000 US troops and marines who invaded the city regarded everyone still there, especially men, as justifiable targets. The entire urban centre became a free-fire zone, while civilian buildings were systematically levelled as a means of killing snipers and other anti-occupation fighters.

  45. http://i48.tinypic.com/24ou2xk.jpg
    water tank destroyed towergh 20 august
    The African immigrant and dark-skinned Libyan community in Sirte has been swollen by a recent influx of refugees from neighbouring Tawargha.

    The town of about 10,000 people was entirely depopulated by NTC militiamen who went on a racist rampage after they captured it in August.


  46. On 22 July NATO warplanes attacked the pipe making plant at Brega killing six of the facility’s security guards.

    According to AP, Abdel-Hakim el-Shwehdy, head of the company running the project, said:

    “Major parts of the plant have been damaged. There could be major setback for the future projects.”

    Water supply to Brega Cut

    On Monday 18 July rebel spokesman Shamsiddin Abdulmolah told AFP that remnants of Gadhafi’s troops were holed up among industrial facilities in Brega with supplies dwindling.

    “Their food and water supplies are cut and they now will not be able to sleep.”

    Given the rebel boasts that the pro-Gadaffi forces in Brega had no water, the question has to be posed whether this attack was a deliberate attempt to prevent repair of the pipeline into Brega.

  47. NATO Response :

    In response to HRI enquiry, NATO press office said:

    We can confirm that we targeted Brega on July 22nd and we stroke successfully: one military storage facility and four armed vehicles.”

    HRI requested clarification:

    The building you hit (apparently in the Brega pipe factory) was being used for what kind of military storage?

    At the 26th July at the NATO press conference in Naples Colonel Rolond Lavoie,
    neglecting to inform the assembled journalists that the “concrete factory” plays an important role in preserving Libya’s water supply, said:

    Now in the area of Brega, NATO strikes included armoured vehicles, rocket launchers, military storage facilities and a repurposed concrete factory from which Pro-Gaddafi forces were using multi-viral [sic] rocket launchers, exposing the population to indirect fire.

  48. http://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2011/07/27/great-man-made-river-nato-bombs/

    Engineer and project manager Abdelmajid Gahoud told foreign journalists in Tripoli:

    “If part of the infrastructure is damaged, the whole thing is affected and the massive escape of water could cause a catastrophe,” leaving 4.5 million thirsty Libyans deprived of drinking water.


  49. https://fbcdn-sphotos-b-a.akamaihd.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/902_351304074984606_1091991768_n.jpg

    Pictures right above :Tazrbo wellfield, Sarir wellfield, Fezzan wellfield. Reservoirs are in Benghazi, Tobruk, Sirt and near Tripoli.

    12 february 2013
    Responding to split Libyan tribes of the south province of Fezzan Zidane government cut off electricity for most of its parts ...
    The province of Fezzan, which controls the water threatens to lock water from northern cities and gave the government hours enumerated

    Fezan workers will go on strike to protest against decision to declare south of country a military zone.


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