Warning: This site contains images and graphic descriptions of extreme violence and/or its effects. It's not as bad as it could be, but is meant to be shocking. Readers should be 18+ or a mature 17 or so. There is also some foul language occasionally, and potential for general upsetting of comforting conventional wisdom. Please view with discretion.

Monday, May 4, 2015

Ghouta Massacres By District, Part 2: Jobar

Ghouta Massacres (plural) By District
Part 2: Jobar
May 4, 2015

Jobar is large, relatively populous and central, and primarily opposition-controlled at the time of the attack. It cannot have suffered a direct attack of the accepted kind, but apparently hosted the launching of the rockets that fell elsewhere, and one of the district that clearly deserved its own ACLOS page aside from the general locations page. It's the focus of a few fascinating relations and detailed study, some of which I didn't fully follow the first time around. A couple, in summary:

Attack on Jobar and Ain Tarma? One important piece of evidence is a video statement from Jobar's "medical point" (rebel-managed) about what sounds like a strange version of the attack that never happened. (Video, with English subtitles) He specifies that it's about sunrise as he speaks, and gives much dubious detail about the preceding hours, but still with some details worth considering. His details about the East Ghouta rebel medical point system is covered at ACLOS here.
The unnamed Jobar site director explains "The front of Ain Tarma and Jobar in Eastern Ghouta was bombarded with chemical weapons. We noted the incident early, thankfully. We put ourselves on the highest alert." He seems to treat Jobar and "Ain Tarma" medical points as almost one unit, with him taking over management in Ain Tarma at some point. (see part 5) But looking at the map, there should be no shared Jobar-Ain Tarma front - they don't touch. He might be using different definitions, including Zamalka and Ain Tarma under the one name, but he also mentions other medical points he didn't run, one in Zamalka. But he only mentions sharing drugs and supplies with Ain Tarma, going through an astounding 25,000 ampules of Atropine, which was all they had. He says an unspecified number of medics also died.
The guy mentions no other attacked areas, but goes on to say the casualties in this one "front" were "massive." He gives no total numbers but says he alone handled 50 dead children between the two medical points. The VDC lists 117 children dead in the whole attack, so he claims he oversaw about half of them, If this is true, it's an important clue.

Jobar was not hit:
Initially it sounded like most or at least many died there - one of those mentioned with 50+ victims minimum, within a day or so sources agreed Jobar had no attack or direct ceaths or "massive" illness. People may have been taken there, but that's a different story. I'm a little hazy on the different sources, but it seems some would again claim a Jobar attack. However, by the more credible sources (like the UN's investigators) Jobar is another area not directly hit, and with wind blowing away from it. Any locals would have to go elsewhere to die from "Assad's" Sarin rockets.

To die in a rebel-held basement, however, might well be do-able in Jobar. And this may have happened, on a scale that was "massive," like nearly half the total, including around 50 children. The way they wound up spread so widely might suggest less centralization than that however, with people killed in smaller batches all over. And anything that seems like an extra-tempting lead could, of course, be a false one.
But the victims seem to get partly "corrected" to be from Zamalka, mainly. The VDC records reflect 4 victims who were wrongly listed as from Jobar, but still show 82 victims - nearly 10% of the total - were from Jobar. And unless the Sarin picked off their relatives in different areas, some of the family members of these should have been claimed as Jobar victims too. How many were so claimed, however briefly, and however many actually died in Jobar ... VDC lists two, both rebel fighters! ... it seems possible this remains unclear because the opposition had to work around this early script defect with some clever accounting.
East Ghouta Hit From Jobar?
Jobar's Rebel CW Industry:
(See ACLOS section) In mid-July a rebel chemical factory was uncovered in Jobar, with corrosoves made in Saudi Arabia, and various tools for what the state media claimed was a plan to fire mortars and/or rockets with chemical warheads in the Damascus suburbs. That exact operation was shut down.

But the August 21 incident went ahead, and the army began a new offensive in response. On August 24, SAA soldiers uncovered another underground facility with material for improvised explosives, including propane tanks like the "hell cannon" can fire, protective gear, and boxes of Atropine ampules. State TV reported this, showed video, and said several soldiers suffered suffocation issues when they entered the place. Later, I think ... one of these tested positive for Sarin exposure when the UN's investigators tested him. (will check on that) 

Victims Records
Early total: 50-67 Final total: not mentioned (implied, zero)

VDC records:
82 from Jobar (4 FSA, 78 civilians, died in Ain Tarma, Zamalka, "East Ghota," unstated)
died in Jobar = 2 (both FSA, they shielded the civilians there?)
Jobar in notes = 4 (civilians, to say they were actually not from Jobar)

Died In Jobar
Again, VDC lists TWO people, both FSA fighters, dying in Jobar. Maybe they were affected elsewhere but made it back to base before croaking?
* Hasan Ali Hamza 92599 FSA from Hamouria Martyrdom location Damascus: Jobar. Morgue photo included.
Abdul Rahman al-Modawer 92594 FSA Martyrdom location Damascus: Jobar "Known as (Abu Bashar), Operation leader." What kind of operations? 3 photos of him alive included. He has a red beard that seems to get longer over time.

Compare the second to:
* Entry 194 on this Facebook list for Douma: (auto-translated) Abdul Rahman trochanter (Abu Bashar al-) / Damascus - (from?) Douma / Army free (FSA) / cited (died) in the Jobar neighborhood of Damascus. A linked photo (gone now) looks like a CW victim, asphyxiation, roughed up eyes, mucous from the nose. Did he have a red beard? I don't remember. What may be the photo, from another page connected to Douma's local coordination committee, is shown below under clinical signs. It looks like a guy seen on a video searching the Arabic name here: عبد الرحمن المدور  - still at right.

* VDC Abdulrahman Qatma 92454 FSA Jobar, Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: East Ghota rescued to Hamouria and buried there. Again no image

* VDC Adnan Qatma, 92408 AM, civilian, from Jobar, rescued to Hamouria and buried there, called as Abo Rodwan (AbdulRahman? same guy? Or did the gas get his brother or something?)

Some of the Civilians, all of whom Died Somewhere Else
Baghdadi: 8-9 with this name: A very interesting family from a mix of Jobar, Jobar corrected to Zamalka, and/or corrected to Deir-Ezzor province (but were passed through and named by a "hospital"
* 92001 Osama al-Baghdadi, AM, non-civilian, FSA, from Zamalka (photo, in militant gear) unique notes say "His nickname is : Abo jaafar, the leader of Mojahidi Alsham batalion." That's interesting. Whether he's related to the rest of these Baghdadi victims or a coincidence is not totally clear.
* 92108 Abo Zaid al-Bagdadi AM Zamalka The name Came From al-Ihsan hospital in hmouria
* 92141 Ahmad Abd al-Qader Bagdadi AM Deir Ezzor Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Ein Tarma. unique notes: "it came from another source that he is from Jobar"
* 92142 Doae Ahmad Abd al-Qader Bagdadi AF from Deir Ezzor Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Ein Tarma (suggested: Ahmad's sister)
* 92144 Houda Ahmad Abd al-Qader Bagdadi Province Deir Ezzor Sex Adult - Female Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Ein Tarma. notes: "it came from another source that she is from Jobar" (implied: another sister)
** dl? 93284 Houda Bagdadi Child - Female, from Jobar, died in Zamalka
* 92395 Khadija Baghdadi AF Jobar. Martyrdom location Damascus countryside: Zamalka. unique notes: She was buried in Hamouria
* 92928 Ahmad Bagdadi AM, Jobar, died in Zamalka
* 92945 Unidentified (Believed to be from Al-Bagdadi family) (includes morgue photo) Fom Zamalka. Martyrdom location Deir Al-Asaffir. unique notes: Believed to be from Al-Bagdadi family exposed to the chemical attack in Zamalka

Hazroumeh: 19 with this name listed for the whole massacre, minus 5 double-listings = 14. largely from Jobar but died in Ain Tarma, buried there or in Hamouriya.
* Inaam Hazroumah AF Zamalka no more info
* Baraa Hazroumah CF Jobar ML Ein Tarma rescued to Erbeen
* Hassan Hazroumeh AM Z no more
* Jana Ahmad Hazroumeh CF Jobar photo 93777 (cyanotic, Hello Kitty) age 4 died in Ein Tarma
* Nour Hazroumeh AF Jobar ML Ein Tarma Rank: Hamouria Notes: Buried in a Hamouria cemetery (no one shares that exact note - all Ham in notes = 15, mostly Jobar, 14 w/standard note "rescued to Hamouria and buried there")
** Nour Hazrumi AF Z no more ("correction" entry)
* Safa Hazroumeh 93789 AF Jobar ML AT rescued to Hamouria and buried there
** Safa Hazrumi AF Z no more ("correction" entry)
* Hala Hazroumeh 93790 AF ML AT Jobar rescued to Hamouria and buried there
** Hala Hazrumi AF Z no more ("correction" entry)
* Rawda Hazroumeh AF J ML AT rescued to Hamouria and buried there
** Rawda Hazrumi AF Z no more ("correction" entry)
Marwa Mohammad Hazrouma AF Ein Tarma age 18, no more info
Nouri Tawfeq Hazromeh AM Jobar The name Came From al-Ihsan hospital in hmouria
* Ayman Hazromeh 92612 AM J Married With Children martyred with his son
* Mohammad Ayman Hazroumeh 93788 CM Jobar photo (should be a son of Ayman)
** Mohammad Hazromeh 92611 CM Jobar, died in Ain Tarma, photo (same - double-listed) "Known as (Abo Ayman)," (father of Ayman? A bit young) "... Martyred With His Father"
* Husam Hazromeh AM Jobar no more
* Alaa Hazroumah CF Zamalka no more
5 double-listings = 14

Rafqa Naqeshbandi AF, Kafr Batna - Mohammad Waleed Naqeshbandi AM, Jobar - Yahia Naqeshbandi AM, Jobar -Ziad Naqeshbandi AM, Jobar - Amal al-Nakshbandi AF, Zamalka - Amirah al-Nakishbandi AF, Zamalka - Fawaz al-Naqishbandi AM Zamalka - Maha Naqshbandi AF, Zamalka

Other: Juha, Unidentified...forthcoming.

al-Ihsan hospital in Hamouria: "The name Came From al-Ihsan hospital in hmouria" for these 37 Ghouta victims from Jobar, Zamalka, Ain Tarma. Some include:
* 92122 Mohammad al-Qaq AM, Jobar. Qaq is a rare name shared by 7 previous civilian victims in all of Syria's conflict, per VDC records, mostly in Idlib. They tend to die close to each other in time, in small bursts of three. He was the 8th, or at least there were 9 total before #10 died on March 16, 2015 - Ayosh al-Qaaq (diff. spelling) of Sarmin, Idlib, the grandmother of the Taleb family allegedly killed by chlorine in March 2015, whose grandchildren's preventable death in a rebel "medical point" moved the UNSC to tears.... And 3 more Qaq relatives were killed by "regime missiles" in Sarmin a week later, so now it's 12 dead, 1/6 of those in dubious chemical attacks blamed on the government.
* The rest contain names seen elsewhere, like a random-seeming mix of the same several families, like the 17 listed from al-Sel hospital in Kafr Batna (see part 7). Several of the same names, in fact. Bagdadi, Srouji, Hazroumeh. Some one-name folks: Shima, Abdlerahman (a doctor), A'aqeb.

Clinical Signs
The number of victims with photos is fairly small, and only some of those seem worth much as clues.

Abdulrahman Trochanter/Qatma/Modawer
cyanosis? miosis?
92599 Hasan Ali Hamza
Unidentified woman 94546
unidentified boy 94547
more forthcoming?

Sunday, May 3, 2015

Ghouta Massacres by District {Masterlist}

Ghouta Massacres (plural) by District {Masterlist}
May 3, 2015

* The launch point for renewed investigation of the August, 2013 incident is
<< Another 60 Minutes for the Ghota Chemical Massacres (Plural). (forthcoming)
If it's important enough for them to revive in the background as the world ponders a no-fly zone over alleged chlorine attacks (see here for the truth on that) ... well, I have some things to add, and some other additions still to discover.
Previous findings: Various pages under Talk:Alleged Chemical Attack, August 21, 2013 at the open research wiki A Closer Look On Syria (ACLOS). Relating to this is Denis O'Brien's detailed study from April, 2014 Murder in the SunMorgue: A Critique of the Sarin Myth and a Cyber-Investigation of the Ghouta Massacre Mystery (hereafter MITSM) and its summary article (by me) The Ghouta Massacre's Sarin Myth, Brightly Lit: Exploring Kafr Batna's ... Rebel Gas Chambers? That work focuses on one collection of corpses (app. 100, minimum, to rebel reports of "150") at a morgue in the southern district of Kafr Batna. It suggested the victims here were killed with something other than the blamed Sarin - likely carbon monoxide gas. It almost requires rebels did it, and that the victims were controlled captives of theirs - an impression solidified by their obvious execution of one survivor - they cut his throat when "Assad's gas" didn't finish the job, and then made a lame effort at concealing the fact.
MITSM was a good start, not followed up on that well, so far... The Kafr Batna case illustrates that there was localization - the victims were gassed not because they were downwind from any rocket but due to being trapped beneath the rebel-held morgue, with poisoned air inside rooms - basically, in gas chambers. As I said in the summary, "it seems unlikely a mass killing in Kafr Batna would coincide with a government Sarin attack in other areas. More likely, it would be just one point in a massive rebel crime spree across the area, played out mainly on controlled captives."

I'm just starting this new round of work on my own here, with no promises. I or someone may shift to a spot at the ACLOS wiki, but for now... this will go by distict, expanding on the theme of plural massacres in different areas. It's a geographical organization, so the best start is with some map-based graphics. (See also: ACLOS Location talk page)

Above: Chemical Massacre Syria Infographic including Moadamiyeh al-Sham, southwest, and the various areas of East Ghouta they initially claimed were hit by Sarin rockets, altogether killing, they estimated, 1,300 people. In the center is where they thought all relevant artillery was fired from, but this has been thoroughly discredited. Moadamiyeh is not clear, but the East Ghouta rockets were fired from somewhere around the northern tip of Jobar district (see next map)

Below, a map of the Eastern Ghouta region with districts outlined and color-coded by reported numbers of dead (per table below). The light blue dots = app. rocket imapcts, with extended lines showing the approximate wind direction and expected drift (almost surely a bit different from this but probably close).

I seriously doubt these rockets had anything to do with the mass deaths, but many people on all sides of the debate disagree on that point, so ... considering that alleged fact of Sarin, spreading from these impacts, of rockets fired from there, by whoever... depending how deadly the dispersed drift was, we should expect some deaths in Zamalka, Ain Tarma, and Hazzeh. Places that should have zero Sarin vapor in any of their streets would be Jobar, Irbeen, Jisreen, Harasta, and Douma. Saqba and Hamouriya are in the middle of that continuum, depending on wind.

Below, a death toll table comparing four early reports with area break-down, placed by the numbers they offered:
* 280+: Reported by Jsreen Revolution very early on (removed before I could sort it out). This is useful for an early glimpse of the accounting of a small number, but the batches were never clear; 4 towns mentioned: Ain Tarma - Zamalka - Hazeh ( حزة ) - Jobar, with five areas listed. The 5th is likely Irbin, deduced from the breakdown (23 kids, 17 women, 11 men), partly matching the next entry. The others, unclear which, had early tolls of: 61, 67, 50+, 50+
* 646: Reported by sos.syr.un, Aug.22: Over 2/3 of their victims unidentified ("did not reach their names") 201 are named, cities mixed in, hard to tally. The anonymous arrivals at each area's "medical points" are listed below.
* 1,228: Reported by Douma Coordinating Committee, Aug. 21: "The number of martyrs by medical points in East Gouta - Census Bureau legal unified."
* 1,300 (clearly rounded, almost same as above) - Chemical Massacre Syria Infographic (shown above)

Victims by City






M. al-Sham






?? 50-67




Ain Tarma

?? 50-67





?? 50-67




Kafr Batna








16(3 kids)













51? (23c-17w-11m

50? (23-17-??)

63 (30-16-17)

63 (30-16-17)









5 (1 woman)



?? (50-67)



Note: the final numbers here get us quite close to the dramatic claims of the Obama administration that 1.429 managed to perish in this attack. That, however, provides no area break-down, and so is less useful to note here. The 1,300 is probably an exaggeration, but maybe not or maybe not by much. Video-based assessments affirm a minimum of around 3-400 dead. Including photos and various records, I've suspected it's probably about twice this many, 700-900. But that's sort of a guess.  Note also how many of the supposed non-guesses rebels offered are still clearly rounded off, not exact. 300, 400, 150 are not likely to be exact tallies.
But as MITSM proves, it's the quality (nature) of death that matters far more than the quantity of it, when it comes to assessing the crime and the blame over it. And that's to be the main focus of this study. Here all 12 districts (or most?) gets its own post (eventually, as possible), and they each get filled in (as possible) with three sections:
Background: summary, partial - what was reported for that district, what we've found previously, highlights and oddities to consider - less focus here, may be slow to get filled-in.
More emphasis on the other two sections searching for new info between the lines (and expanding on the starts here at ACLOS):
Victim records: mostly perusing the database of the opposition Center for Documentation of Violations in Syria (see ACLOS page) for patterns among the victims - who was related to who, where from ,where died, who has a photo, who's listed twice, etc.
Clinical Signs or clinical features minus symptoms, which a patient complains of, and these people are past complaining - their bodies just display signs. Showing pictures with an eye to diagnosing what poison is most likely for each group, and how many different groups there might be (how many Ghouta Massacres - can't be known, but guesses can be narrowed)

Ghouta Massacres by District
Order of listing here will go west-to-east, with other considerations for logic flow, with info placed where it seems to fit, sometimes probably in a few places:

Part 1) Moadamiyeh al-Sham

2) Jobar

3) Zamalka

4) Irbeen

5) Ain Tarma

6) Hazzeh

7) Kafr Batna

9) Saqba, Jisreen, Hamouriya - order not sure

11) Harasta
12) Douma (maybe these last five can squish into two posts?)

Findings, Summarized:
(forthcoming, as possible)

Saturday, May 2, 2015

Ghouta Massacres By District, Part 5: Ain Tarma

Ghouta Massacres (plural) By District
Part 5: Ain Tarma
May 2

Warning! Extra ugly images in this post

Just south of Zamalka, and larger than I first thought, Ain Tarma (different spellings) should have been hit by drift across its northeastern sector, besides two impacts just in the district itself. Early reports claim only 75 people died here. VDC records suggest about 40...

VDC report includes the account of a paramedic named Sakhr (possibly also "Dr. Sakhr" with a "clinic" in Kafr Batna) He tells them
"At two o'clock after midnight, the regime's forces shelled the area with mortars, specifically the first parts of Qusour neighborhood in the Ein Tarma behind the cemetery. During this time, a gas with a rotten smell spread quickly resulting in symptoms such as nausea, shortness of breath and difficulty in vision that turned into a complete lack of vision. Some people fainted, became fully paralyzed and suffered a severe head ache. We hurried to help them; I helped nearly 370 person-to-several medical points including Hamourieh, Irbeen, Sakba and Kafarbatna and Douma. "
There is a cemetery in Ain Tarma where some victims are buried, per the opposition's records. The only evident cemetery in Ain Tarma - likely the same referred to by both - is here on Wikimapia. A comment there once said "Tunnel Entrances to bunkers and secret chemical weapons facilities." That was around the time of the attack - 4 months ago, on May 19, 2014 - this interesting but unsupported comment has since been removed.

"Behind the cemetery" probably refers to whatever direction he was relative to it. Just to the northwest of the cemetery (upwind) is a girls' primary school. 735 meters northeast of the cemetery is the famous impact spot of volcano rocket 197. Others were about the same distance due north. For what it's worth, a map, at right. This is using an image from Human Rights Watch that seems pretty accurate for impact spots. Al-Ziniya doesn't figure in widely - it was once labeled on Wikimapia as part of Hazeh, since incorporated into a large Ain Tarma. I'm going with the latter, so the cemetery is in the middle of Ain Tarma, not its edge.

As usual, we don't know where the hospitals/morgues are, nor where the victims were when they were poisoned. They tend to come from Jobar, or to have once been said to come from there... and Jobar did have tunnels and rebel CW facilities that might well matter here. But as part 2 explains, it had no rocket impacts and was completely upwind, so anyone from there would have to venture a ways downwind - like to Ain Tarma - in order to die from "Assad's" rocket attack.

Victim Records
Table, early count: 50-67 (unclear) Final Count:  75 people died here.

VDC: 25 victims from Ain Tarma - 20 from elsewhere with "martyrdom location" Ain Tarma = 45 accounted for, or 38-42 minus double-listings.

Double-listings, more than usual:
* 2-4 of them under Baladi, below.
* #92915 Muhammad Alloush, adult male, photo, no clinical signs visible - "Manger at the field hospital" "(he known as Iqab)" Then #93741 Mohammad Alosh Oqab AM, same photo, "Administrator of a medical point." Obvious implication: secondary poisoning - fatal, but not so bad as to leave any clear signs.

Consider: Raed al-Homsi Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Ein Tarma 2013-08-21 Chemical and toxic gases. Possible relative, Emad Muhammad Khier Al-Houmsi Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Ein Tarma 2013-08-21. Homsi means "from Homs" - it can be a real name, or a way of saying "we don't want to say their name, but they fled from Homs to Damascus, and we caught up with them here." Raed has a photo, at right. That was some swift cloud of Sarin vapor to get to him before he bled to death out the hole in his throat. Or, did they maybe get the cause of death wrong in this case, like they did with M-015 in Kafr Batna? (see part 7)
Is this the sound of scraping the bottom of a strangely empty barrel? Double-listings and shooting victims, just to get maybe 40-ish killed here?

Note: "Buried in a cemetery in Ain Tarma Hodeidah" = 13 martyrs - 9 unidentified, 2 Baladi children and their father, and a guy named Zaibaq. Hodeidah = ?? (nothing I can find in Syria, a town in Yemen)

Baladi: 8 victims named Baladi + mother = 9
* 93798 Mona Santiha Family Status married PHOTO (alive) - Area Jobar wife of Ali Albaladi Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Ein Tarma
(Note: 5 Santihas killed, whole war - Mona was the first, more died all in later 2014 - all from Jobar.)

* 92311 Mohammad Ali Adnan al-Baladi AM photo
** Double-listed: 93797 Ali al-Baladi, same photo, from Jobar but Martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Ein Tarma, like wife Mona
* 92305 Yousef Mohammad Ali al-Baladi, boy, photo Mother's Name Mona Santeeha Area Ein Tarma
** Double? 93282 Yousif Al-Baladi  Adult - Male  Damascus Suburbs  Jobar 
** Triple? 92920 Yousif Al-Baladi  Adult male, from Jobar, died in Zamalka  
* 93308 Rida Mohammad Ali al-Baladi, boy (girl's name, usually), photo - from Jobar \\ Buried in a cemetery in Ain Tarma Hodeidah
** 101722 Reda al-Baladi  AM from Zamalka, died somewhere
* 92633 Mwafaq al-Baladi  Child - Male  from Jobar 
Actual total = 5-7 Or...

Rida and Yousef are supposed to be brothers, even though Rida is a girl's name - they both have adult versions. One was corrected from Jobar to local, one not. And they look exactly the same, more-or-less. I don't suppose this is in fact one child before and after poisoning, (playing dead first time?) but apparently identical twins? Brother and sister, or what? Not sure.

Rida from Jobar, left, Yousef not from Jobar, right.
Noting the gender and hairstyle ambiguities of the above case, it's perhaps interesting another victim passed through Ain Tarma is a short-haired girl Riham Muhannad Tieba who died in Ain Tarma but came from Mleha (shown dead at right, also shown alive on the page). That's a district with no other victims listed coming from. It's southeast, across the Ain Tarma valley and next to Christian-majority Jaramana.

Is this this middling-length hair thing a cultural clue to the victims? Perhaps not. Note it's about the same between these 2-3 children - long for a boy, short for a girl. In Riham's case, shorter than she used to wear it. However long it takes to grow this long, it's worth wondering if they all maybe had their heads shaved at the same time, that span prior to the poison gas massacre.
Hazroumeh: 19 with this name listed for the whole massacre, minus 4 double-listings = 15.
(details forthcoming) (4 double-listings here, but the other entries switch to Zamalka, so we'll subtract from that total and count them here)

Clinical Signs
A distinct set is seen with those "Buried in a cemetery in Ain Tarma Hodeidah" - especially those no one could identify. I'll call this the "Ain Tarma Cemetery" signs. This is where the
comes in.

Red faces: coulde be chemical burn/irritation, combined with livor mortis (reddened areas after death and blood settles). The left-halves of many faces are redder, suggesting livor mortis for the asymmetry - heads turned to the left, some time ago. A more direct clue is the massively plugged noses and ooze from the mouth, in most cases mixed with blood to some degree (orange to full red), something you don't usually see in the other cases (in Moadamiyeh, it's usually just mucous or just blood, depending, but the faces there are also unusually red). The amount of exuded material here is unusually high, and icky.

One explanation for the Ain Tarma cemetery signs might be: concentrated chlorine blast to the face, causing irritation, burning along seems and small cuts, causing intense choking and mucous secretion. And perhaps before they did this, the dehydrated the people - cut them off from water for a couple of days - so they had no hope of clearing their airways. Unidentified man #92307 apparently tried his hardest, rupturing his face and all the blood vessels in his eyes, trying to cough himself clear.
Unidentified 92299 AF, Ein Tarma (unlike some, face wiped clean)
92300 Tarek al-Zaibaq, AM Ein Tarma
(major Cyanosis, possible smoke, but not enough time in it to stain nostrils)

92301 Unidentified CM, Ein Tarma

92302 Unidentified CM, Ein Tarma

92303 Unidentified CF, Ein Tarma

92307 Unidentified AM, Ein Tarma

82311 Mohammad Ali Adnan al-Baladi
(note: besides cyanosis, at this angle, he may have a light coat of smoke residue - but again nostrils not stained by it)

92316 Unidentified CM, Ein Tarma

92314 Unidentified AM, Ein Tarma

92314 Unidentified AM, Ein Tarma (entry has two photos of different men)

Friday, May 1, 2015

Ghouta Massacres by District, Part 1: Moadamiyeh al-Sham

Ghouta Massacres (plural) by District
Part 1: Moadamiyeh al-Sham
May 1, 2015
(last edits May 4)

We start in West Ghouta with the outlier attack on Moadamiyeh al-Sham (various spelling - Google translates Wage Offensive of Greater Syria).

Mass starvation due to regime-imposed food blockade alleged, starting to make news with dead babies just after the Aug. 21 incident ... clearly an issue with food distribution within the rebel-administered disaster area.
(note: this refers to the Yarmouk camp, not Maodamiya, but the problem was the same, presented the same way at the same time for the same reasons, and so the concept is the same - Moadamiya was even worse at producing starved babies and not adults, which is an extra-troubling)
... apparently just to make propaganda like this that could only fool a willing dupe. But maybe it isn't just that; perhaps they also had some religious or other motive to kill these people. This concept might well be relevant to alleged victims of a government CW attack shortly before)

UN Sarin findings: In short, negative returns from the alleged artillery shell delivery device, and from most environmental samples. Despite quick collection, within hours, heat and wind in a desert valley in August could effect some locales, but not likely the ones inside the stricken home, or inside the shell remnants. There is widely-accepted and reasonable doubt that there was ever a Sarin attack here. However, Human samples were the most dramatic here, around 95% of subject tested positive for Sarin. It's been speculated they were trucked in from another area where Sarin was released. I have reason already to speculate voluntary exposure to token amounts. If the doses appeared low enough (not made evidently clear) maybe they just got their doses right so 95% came through while other areas scored lower in that unwittingly-tested area.

Kassem Eid claims: (compare 60 Minutes to previous narrative...)
Mother Agnes Claims: "We have witnesses and social sensorseverywhere in Damascus. Until today we have received 88 claims of death in Moadamiya (from the August 21 attack). We are told they were not killed because of sarin, that they were killed because of heavy shelling from the army and from suffocation from heavy shelling. The deceased were together in a shelter and they suffocated from this. Moadamiya people told us this." Mother Agnes of the mixed-reliability might be handed bogus or half-true information. The images suggest chemical poisoning with these people, not simple suffocation. But their being 88 in number and all being crammed into a single basement "shelter" seems eerily likely, given the other patterns of this attack.

some video from that:
Strange complex fasciculations -
Daria 21-8-2013 important - dozens of casualties in the hospital field بالغازات toxic
Local council of daraya city (victims apparently from Moadamiya?)
Daria 21-8-2013 important - the martyrs of the residents of the Moadamiya al-Sham toxic attack
M al-Sham, birds
same, blue woman

Victim Records

Table, early count was apparently a vague 50+. Final count: 70

VDC lists 68 from Mouadamiyeh  (52 men, 7 boys, 5 women, 4 girls. Relatively chivalrous Sarin here, or gender segregation of victims, as with captives, with about 2 small families mixed in)?
This plus 7 people from different places who died there = 75 noted. At least 3 others (from Rankus) can be likely included as well for a minimum total of 78 - attributed to here. But those last might be from an abortive alleged CW attack far to the north just absorbed by Moadamiyeh (undecided)

7 from elsewhere: 1 from Lattakia but related to locals, 1 from Hama, the rest Damascus area: 2 from Mazzeh, 1 each from Bab Sreja (district of central Damascus), Daraya, and Serghaya. Photos here are available for many, usually low-contrast (meaning a best guess for un-placed low-contrast morgue photos is from here).
29 victims name cluster: The seemingly interrelated names Syed-Ahmad, Ahmad al-Khatib, Ahmad, Khatib, Hussein Ahmad Ateeq, Hussein Mahmoud Ateeq, Ateeq.

92034 Samir Ahmad al-Khatib - teacher
"Known as (Abu Obada)"
Partly in Moadamiya, mostly Zamalka, one Irbeen, one Jobar, one from Aleppo ... 29 victims. Full inter-relation uncertain but likely. Their spread over different areas - especially including Moadamiyeh as well as east Ghouta, is very interesting. They must have been separately effected in two different areas, at the very least, and not just shuffled around and credited to different areas.

Ahmad al-Khatib (6):
Mohammad Kher Ahmad al-Khatib Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Mouadamiyeh
Bassam Ahmad al-Khatib 91994 photo - blood
Samir Ahmad al-Khatib 92034 AM teacher photo (white hair) Known as (Abu Obada),

Ahmad Adnan Al-Khateeb (meaning Adnan Ahmed?) Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Mouadamiyeh

That's all good but other Ahmed Khatibs were killed way over in Zamalka, one a dislocated person from a rebel-held area in the north - did they catch up with him here?
Abd al-Rahman Ahmad al-Khateeb 92217 AM Aleppo Mare age 60 ML Zamalka
Sohel Ahmad al-Khateeb Civilian Adult - Female Damascus Suburbs Zamalka
Khatib (4)
Omar Mohammad Kher al-Khatib Civilian Adult - Male Damascus Suburbs Mouadamiyeh photo 91982 - should be son of M K A al-Khatib

3 others Sameer Khatib AM Zamalka Subhi Khatib AM Z Ali Salih al-Khatib AM Mouadamiyeh

(FWIW Maryam al-Khatib Civilian Adult - Female Idlib Saraqib 2013-04-29 Chemical and toxic gases - it's a common name)

Syed Ahmad: 5 (from Mouadamiyeh unless specified)
- Abdul Hakim Aref al-Sayed dAhmad - AM, Photos a (Sheikh)
- Abdo Hasan al-Syed Ahmad AM
- Fatima Hasan al-Syed Ahmad AF
- Islam Abdo al-Syed Ahmad CF
- Khaled al-Sayed Ahmad AM

Hussein-Ahmed-Atiq: 5
- Nada Ahmad Ateeq AF Z Safa al-Housen AHmad al-Ateeq AF Zamalka
- Ahmad Housin Mohammed al-Ateeq (meaning M. H. Ahmad al-Ateeq?) AM Z Marwa al-Hosain - Ahmad al-Ateeq 101906 AF Zamalka - Huda al-Hosain Ahmad al-Ateeq AF Zamalka

Hussein-Mahmoud al-Ateeq (7)
Mahmoud Mahmoud al-Hosen al-Ateeq AM Zamalka, Khaled Mahmoud al-Ateeq AM Z, Abdo Mahmoud Ateeq AM Z, Sedrah al-Hosen Mahmoud al-Ateeq AF Z, Abdullah al-Housien Mahmoud al-Ateeq AM Z, Omar Housen Mahmod al-Ateeq AM Z, Ahmad al-Hosien Mahmoud al-Ateeq AM Z (date missing)

Other Atiq - 94000 Noor al-Atiq AF from Irbeen, photo - plugged nose - 92095 Abo Hosien al-Ateq, Jobar, The name Came From al-Ihsan hospital in hmouria

92013 Yassin Dummarany
VDC lists 7 victims named Dummarany First in order of listing is Mahmoud Abdul Karem al-Dummarany Civilian Adult - Male 91983. Next, a batch of 5 children: Khalil Nizar al-Dummarany (92011 boy) Maryam Nizar al-Dummarany (92012 girl) Yassin Nizar al-Dummarany (boy 92013) Ikrema Nizar al-Dummarany (boy 92014) Besan Nizar al-Dummarany (girl 92017) By the common Nizar, these should be the children of a man named Nizar.

Last is a man named Nizar Khaleel Dumarani 92659 Adult Male - by name, should be the father. "Married with 5 Children." However, he was added way later than the rest, including the other Dummarany man. And the children's notes all say "( in another source mentioned that the name of his father is Ajaj)" That name is shared by two victims: Abeer Ajaj, adult female from Kafr Batna (92161) and Maher Hamzeh Ajaj #93793 - with the FSA as it happens, non-civilianm from Jobar but died in Ein Tarma. "called Abo Osama , Battalion commander." None of the kids is named Osama. Aja is common. May be nothing. Any adult females are unaccounted for here.

As explained here at ACLOS, there were apparently three victims in Moadmiyeh named Beetar and Bettar (same name I usually write Bitar). Bitar is a common name, can be Sunni or Alawi or anything as far as I know. Some prior Latakia/Alawite suggestions of it can be found on the Talk:Homs Massacres page. The first one listed in #91999 Jamil Mohammad Beetar, from Latakia (province - distant, Alawi majority - he's the only Ghouta victims listed so). But plenty of Sunnis live there too. It says he died from gasses in Mouadamiyeh. No further notes. Morgue photo, no clear signs.

Aaked al-Bettar

Two others were from closer by, and it's not specified where they died, but by the clues, it's likely the same place. #92789 is Aaked Al-Bettar, adult male, Married. Area: Rankus. non-civilian rank: FSA - but killed with his wife, not in combat. Notes: "He was martyred with his wife during ambulance her." Photo, shown at right after stretching, shows red-purple face, plugged nose, blood around nose. (hospital photo, not the usual morgue one for Moadamiya). 92788 Wife of Aaked Al-Bettar from Rankus, "She was martyred with her husband." Killed where they live, it sounds like, and with a relative perhaps from Latakia ...

There's also 92749 Asad Sosaq, another FSA fighter from Rankus, who died from the attack in an unspecified area (there are the 3 total from Rankus).

Rankus is not at all next to Moadamiya, but way north, due north even from Douma. It's way, way too far out to be remotely effected; they must have been living somewhere else at the time - unless they really were gassed at home, far from any alleged regime attacks...

Douma would be the natural place to expect them, but no rockets landed there either. And consider another victim, Lamyae Onkood #94403, married woman from Serghaya, just west of Rankous, suggesting she (only one from there) is connected to the three - perhaps Sosaq's wife. And she's listed with martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Mouadamiyeh. This suggests that all Rankus-area people, and thus all named Bitar, wound up in Moadamiya before they died there. Onkood was already listed, but the Rankous 3 adds to the total for 78 or more apparent victims there.
Below: 91999 Jamal Beetar, then the array of men he's included with (he's in the middle on the left). With more correlation, this might be an interesting lead, or maybe just worth correlating.

Bitar 2.0 and More Links?
Another interesting thing about people around there named Bitar, from Rankous ... A bunch more were killed there a month later, September 27, by what the VDC calls "Car bomb attack that left several dead civilians in a massacre in the surroundings of Khaled Bin al-Waled Mosque after Friday prayers." VDC lists 46 bombing victims, and 1/3 of them, 15, are Bitars (again, it's a common name, but not this common). Among the other families singled out, 7 people named Khateb. Another common name, but one with several killed in Moadamiya, maybe alongside Bitars from Rankous ... In fact, another outsider "Abo Hashim" was from distant Hama province, but they didn't get his last name ... a September car bomb victim who bears some resemblance is named Refaei and came from the Damascus suburb of al-Haama (as on Wikimapia - next to Jamraya, near-ish to Moadamiya). This could be a third link between the two massacres, but it get confusing.
What does this mean? One reasonable conclusion is: some kind of teamwork where maybe Moadamiya simply absorbed the Rankous CW victims numbering 4 (or 5, if they had all the Bitars, or higher if they had any of the others). Maybe these really died up there, but that was a problem since no one had lodged actual CW claims up there. And maybe that denied Rankous sliver was of the same hostage pool culled seriously with the mosque bomb a month later. (This story itself has an interesting twist between it and yet another mosque car bombing a month yet later, on October 25, that reportedly killed 140 men and boys in nearby Souq Wadi Barada - the "Snobar" link between these is quite odd, as I previously explored here at ACLOS.)
The Refaei-Rankous-Haama link mentioned between these attacks might explain another Ghouta victim - infant boy Karam Jawad Mohammad Tawfeeq al-Rifaei, from Maheen, Homs. and mother Gaydae Um Karam (mother of Karam, not her actual name) Both say they died in Zamalka, and maybe, but coming from a place 75 km northwest of Rankous, in southern Homs province, the name and previous links might put them in the Rankous-Moadamiyeh cluster. That might be 80 people - if there were 8 others, it might be the full batch of 88 stuffed in one basement that mother Agnes heard about.

Mansour and other family names like Mukhaibar, Dekkar stand out for losing more than 2 members. May examine in time.

Other:  #92031 Mohammad Anwar Idres - possible link to Nada Muhammad Ali Idrees, Adult - Female from Jobar, died in "East Ghota" and was "rescued to Erbeen."  Fairly common name, so may be nothing.

Clinical Signs

Cyanosis: this is sometimes caused by Sarin intoxication, but is not a standard indicator. It's not usually as total and even a blue people turn, like this lady:
Usually marble floors won't be affected and turn blue as well. Here, a smudge of blue dye can be seen on the floor beneath her. This symptom is fake. See right for the stills.

Strange complex fasciculations (convulsion) - is this even realistic? I'm not sure.

Pupils, tears, mucous, incontinence, etc. forthcoming.

Morgue photos:

#91993 Mustafa Abdo Doba - Known as (Abu Bakir)

 #92031 Mohammad Anwar Idres - Known as (Abu Khalid)
#92012 Maryam Dummarany  

#92011 Khalil Nizar al-Dummarany
92007 Abdo Hasan al-Syed Ahmad

91983 Mahmoud Abdul Karem al-Dummarany
Aaked al-Bettar

Mohammad Khier Mukhaiber 92191 just blood and/or thin yellow fluid out the mouth only (Ahmad Jamal Mokheber gets the same photo)

91994 Bassam Ahmad al-Khatib - shot?