Warning: This site contains images and graphic descriptions of extreme violence and/or its effects. It's not as bad as it could be, but is meant to be shocking. Readers should be 18+ or a mature 17 or so. There is also some foul language occasionally, and potential for general upsetting of comforting conventional wisdom. Please view with discretion.

Sunday, February 12, 2017

What Happened a Little Ways from Douma in November, 2012?

The First Bodies Tossed Across Obama's "Red Line" in Syria, Part 4:
What Happened a Little Ways from Douma in November, 2012?
By Adam Larson aka Caustic Logic,
February 13, 2017

(...intro red line issue again, gap before this) - then November, two alleged chemical incidents are recorded, quietly - no news at the time, but later claims say each attack killed one child, and apparently no one else. Each child was listed as from a displaced family, both listed as hailing from the suburb of Douma. That's quite interesting, but it's about all we know, except one important visual detail to solidify the questions. Below: how we know this, what it means, and what that visual clue means in context.

Background: Why a little ways from Douma?
    From an unclear time in 2011 and into 2012, a group called Liwa al-Islam ("District of Islam," later to become Jaish al-Islam, or "Army of Islam") was growing in power. - headed by the late Zahran Alloush, a Saudi-backed Islamist son of a Saudi-based exiled cleric, freed from prison is 2011 to mollify protesters. He was reportedly swiftly armed ... by Saudi Arabia. Liwa al-Islam (LiA) took firm hold over their base area of Douma, at the latest, by the summer of 2012, when they orchestrated a bomb assassination of top military officials nearby in Damascus. This earned them much prestige, more recruits and funding, and so LiA started expanding further

    Zahran Alloush was, and his group remains, Islamic extremists. Alloush at least, before he was killed in a December, 2015 air strike, was publicly avowed to eliminate Shi'ites, Alawites, or people of Persian (Iranian) ethnicity from their parts of Syria. They're also not keen on government fighters or supporters,  secular-minded Sunnis, Kurds, Christians, Druze, or Atheists. 

Some people would leave Douma under this leadership, and thus become "displaced," or IDPs (internally displaced people - like refugees but without crossing into another country). They might move into Damascus proper, or might try just moving a town or two over and hoping for the best.

    At some point, LiA or allies expanded into each of the  surrounding areas of East Ghouta - Harasta, Jobar, Autaya, etc.  In some cases, they may catch up with people who had fled them in Douma. What happens then?

    So, here's the map that makes me bright this up. The incidents in question (red) happened in Bahariya, 14 km SE of Douma (November 17, to IDPs from Douma) and Rihan, 4 km east of Douma (November 23, to IDPs from Douma). Harasta is in purple - for future precedent, an IDP family from there lost a baby and no one else in the next alleged "Assad" CW attack in the area, Otaybah, on March 19 (but six men also died - see part 1). The IDP babies dying in alleged chemical attacks seems to be quite a regional specialty.

November 17, Bahariya
    Again, no one reported this at the time, but the VDC records a chemical attack from the air that left one boy dead, in the Damascus suburbs, on November 17, 2012. They seem to have noted it at the time, and thought it was a first, but otherwise it went unmentioned.

    This come in the form of a single martyr entry for Odai Haroun, a boy of about 10 (by the photo - age not given). He's listed as from Douma, but with a "martyrdom location" of Damascus Suburbs: Bahariah. The notes explain "he was martyred after suffocating due to poisonous chemical gas dropped from the regime's warplanes on Al-Bahariya town in what appears to be the first time such thing happens". Cause of death: other. After this I guess the VDC created the category for toxic gasses.

    I dug around for reports, using that spelling and the Arabic spelling, and apparently no one reported this to any media at the time. I found nothing except an entry in another opposition database, Syrian Shuhada. This cites the VDC but gives an age of 10 (they seem to offer rounded off guessed ages including 10, 4, etc. - it's not unique info, and matches my own guesstimate.) The notes here, auto-translated, say "You will see the status of suffocation as a result of toxic gases that have been dumped on the town of Al-Bahariyah Damascus countryside."

    Actually, what you'll see, in the blurry photo or video still the VDC provides ... He does appear have died of suffocation, gasping for air but finally failing. But he has no chemical signs, like cyanosis, for example (a blue/purple color shift in the skin). There aren't always evident signs, but ... if one scans for blue skin, one will find it. But it's not the right shade, nor at the right place to be cyanosis. Rather, it seems to form a sort of fresh bruise-colored band around his throat, about the size and shape of two thumbs meeting, to squeeze his windpipe closed.  Poor displaced Odai may well have been manually strangled, perhaps by the Islamists his family had fled in Douma. 
    Side-note: Bahariya would be the site of at least one actual chemical attack, in August, 2013. Right after the Ghouta incident, rebels in the area felt compelled - besides able - to launch at least three serious chemical attacks on Syrian soldiers fighting to reclaim East Ghouta. In Jobar and Ashrafiyah Sahnaya, on the 24th and 25th, they were hit with sarin, but none died. On the 22nd in Bahariya, they were hit with a blue irritant gas, not sarin, and no one died then either.  (see...)

November 23, Rihan
    A week later on November 23, the VDC records, a baby girl, Fatma Mohammad Shalhoub, died in the town of Rihan. There are no images this time. The notes specify "she was reported on 10-5-2013," and indeed, the number is far higher, so added later. Odai was #43,577, and Fatima was #79,338, six months and 36,000 entries later. 

    Continuing, the notes say "she was martyred after her family flee to Rihan area, she is one month old , according the doctor reason of death is the cold, or Inhalation of chemical gases as a result of the bombing. reports to be validated." They allege there was an attack, which might be what killed her and apparently no one else, and it was also cold. It says Date of death: 2012-11-23, so she didn't die after an extended illness, but on that same day. And the VDC's bet is on "Cause of Death: Chemical and toxic gases."     

    Again, I could find no news reports about her or an incident involving Rihan at this time. I didn't look everywhere, just a quick search. I checked Syrian Shuhada, but if they have her added, I couldn't find it. The name search doesn't work anymore. The very large family names list includes a "Shlhob" family from Damascus Countryside (which must be it), with a total of 12 members killed and listed. But the list as linked won't come up. 

Some likely relevant VDC martyr entries named Shalhoub in this early span: 
July 29, 2011 an engineer 'fell' from a roof and had 'regime thugs' throw stones at him, in Douma. This was not an Islamist murder of a man thought to be gay, for example.

2012 6-23 18-year old Tareq Fares Shalhoub was executed in Douma when his home wars raided - they smashed his hand, perhaps cut his throat, and rebels soon had the dead body (video).

Some Shalhoubs are listed as rebels, fighting with "FSA" - one of interest 2012-11-17 a rebel from Damascus Suburbs, Rehebei northeast of Damascus, shot in Daraa - a week before Fatima died. That's probably an unrelated coincidence.



  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6HDdNO9exNs
    حقيقة استخدام الاسلحة الكيماوية في سورية 21-8-2013
    @ 2.23 Deir Ezzor , insurgents firing toxic gaz capsules


    Anas Abd al-Salam al-Mardoud
    Non-Civilian Adult - Male Deir Ezzor Bukmal 2013-08-21
    Chemical and toxic gases

    Mahmoud Jomaa al-Aran Non-Civilian Adult - Male Deir Ezzor Bukmal
    Chemical and toxic gases

    Abbas Asaad Barghoth Non-Civilian Adult - Male Deir Ezzor
    Bukmal 2013-08-21
    Chemical and toxic gases

    Hasan Abo Ahd al-Dairi Non-Civilian Adult - Male Deir Ezzor
    Bukmal 2013-08-21
    Chemical and toxic gases

    Anas Abd al-Salam al-Mardoud
    martyrdom location Damascus Suburbs: Zamalka


    1. Hm... state-allied Syrian media suggests a link to gas-firing militants in/from Deir Ezzor? That is odd how a group from Bukamal were in Ghouta at the time, and 4 died. I didn't really notice that yet. That's 4 of the 26 rebels the VDC listed as dying. Interesting...

  2. Below, a map of the Eastern Ghouta region with districts outlined and color-coded by reported numbers of dead (per table below).


    A video of the supposed Zamalka mass grave only shows 8 bodies

    Photo 1. This image provided by the Shaam News Network shows victims of an apparent chemical weapons attack being buried
    in a suburb of Damascus, Aug. 21, 2013.

    "Sham News Network was inspired by what happened in Tunisia and Egypt. A lot of the founders were from Daraa,

    Almost all the journalists died from inhalation of the neurotoxins, except Murad Abu Bilal, who was the only Zamalka LCC media member to survive.[166][167] wikipedia

    Faylaq al-Rahman stronghold of Zamalka in the eastern outskirts of Damascus

  3. 9/2/2013: LI statement on possible American strikes on the regime. The statement asks why after dozens of times the regime has used chemical weapons America is now ready to intervene.

    Jaish al Islam

    Jaysh al-Islam (The Islam Army, The Islam Brigade) is a Syrian opposition group
    that targets the Assad Regime, the Islamic State,and select Kurdish forces.

    The group was formed in 2013 through a merger of about fifty Damascus-based opposition groups


    Jaish al-Islam:Led by Saudi-backed cleric Zahran Alloush, Jaish al-Islam is active in the outskirts of Damascus and the Qalamoun Mountains near Lebanon.


    The Furqan Brigade (al Quneitra) is a branch
    of the Damascus-based Islamist Furqan Brigade,
    operating in the southwest of Syria near the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights[23]

    Published on Apr 29, 2014 Disturbing clips from Islamist terrorists in Deraa Syria near Golan heights shows the use of chemical weapons against Syrian soldiers. one clip shows gas shells exploding below Tel el Jabye hill. The other clip shows corpses of Syrian soldiers with no apparent injuries to body but


    1. Did you spur this? I forget. But I just clicked it the Tel Jabiya attack near Golan was covered at ACLOS, and also reported by Syria's gov. to the UN-OPCW as killing (exactly?) 70 soldiers, on April 24, 2014. The evidence was weird, and I never reviewed it very well but should.

  4. November 24, 2014 Demonstrations against Zahran Alloush,
    the leader of Jaish al-Islam, have also been calling for an end to the bloody fighting with the guerrillas of Jaish al-Umma, which turned Douma into a battlefield of bombings, roadside bombs and direct clashes inside residential areas, according to people who fled the suburb and spoke to Al-Monitor.


    Abou Salem considered Jaish al-Islam as the only accused in this operation. “The council has been trying to put an end to the military forces’ monopoly of goods and [other] violations in Douma,

    ..Tunnels connecting Eastern Ghouta to the Barzeh neighborhood –
    which has had a relatively successful truce in place with the Syrian government since January 2014 –
    were first built and used by AOGs to transport weapons, arms, and fighters.
    While AOGs still retain control of the tunnels and use them for these purposes, in the past year they have increasingly made tunnels available for civilian purposes such as the evacuation of people in need of urgent medical care, and the smuggling of greater volumes of food for sale at market.
    Several Siege Watch respondents noted that the recent smuggling increases were significant enough to create competition between the AOGs and the pro-government traders at the al-Wafideen Camp checkpoint, driving down the prices of basic goods in late 2015, although they still remained several times higher than prices in Damascus city
    The primary exception to the freedom of movement within the siege cordon
    is the ancient neighborhood of Jobar,
    which is technically part of Damascus city proper.

    Jobar is adjacent to the Eastern Ghouta suburbs of Ein Tarma and Zamalka
    and can be accessed by very dangerous paths across the Damascus ring road.

    Jobar has been called the “Gateway to Eastern Ghouta,” because it provides smuggling routes
    from Damascus into the besieged countryside
    and gives AOGs a key location to launch mortar attacks deep into the government-controlled neighborhoods of the city.


    Al-Rahman Legion (Faylaq al-Rahman – فيلق الرحمن): A large grouping of FSA-aligned rebels that operates in the Damascus suburbs (it is the largest group in the Jobar district), the East Ghouta pocket and in Eastern Qalamoun.

    It is a member of the Unified Military Command in Ghouta (under the leadership of Zahran Alloush of the Army of Islam, this coalition includes all armed groups in Ghouta except for al-Nusra), as well as the unified operations room in Eastern Qalamoun.

  5. As Swaida’s western borders with Deraa became a de facto military frontline between a pluralistic Syria
    and a theocratic enclave, another threat came from Swaida’s eastern provincial borders.

    In this sparsely populated desert called Bir Qassab, a few Bedouin villages sit adjacent to the Druze Mountains.

    Since 2012, their semi-sedentary tribes, which had until then coexisted in harmony with the Druze,
    have made a living by smuggling weapons from Jordan to the Ghouta in the suburbs of Damascus.

    They have traded arms to al-Nusra and Jaish al-Islam.
    But in October 2014, a conflict of interest encouraged hundreds of members of the al-Hassan tribe to join the Islamic State.

    Based on interviews conducted by the United Nations Mission with military commanders, soldiers, clinicians and nurses,
    it can be ascertained that, on 24 August 2013, a group of soldiers were tasked to clear some buildings near the river in Jobar under the control of opposition forces (see figures 7.1 and 7.2). At around 1100 hours, the intensity of the shooting from the opposition
    subsided and the soldiers were under the impression that the other side was retreating.
    Approximately 10 meters away from some soldiers, an improvised explosive device (IED) reportedly detonated with a low noise, releasing a badly smelling gas.

  6. 19 June 2016 14:34 Syrian Army Detonates ISIL Stronghold of Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta
    Syrian army has detonated a long tunnel-bomb under the Takfiri terrorists' stronghold of Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta inflicting heavy death toll on the militants.
    Syrian army's engineering units detonated a long tunnel-bomb under the Takfiri terrorists' stronghold of Zamalka in Eastern Ghouta, which destroyed one more command-and-control center of Faylaq al-Rahman terrorists in the region.

    Mon Nov 07, 2016 The Syrian troops continued their offensive operations against the Takfiri groups in Damascus countryside, uncovering a tunnel connecting a number of buildings in the area.
    Syrian Army troops discovered and detonated a long tunnel of the terrorists in Southwestern Damascus, killing at least 15 militants including three commanders.
    Fifteen members of Fatah al-Sham Front (the al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorist group previously known as the al-Nusra Front) and Ahrar al-Sham, including three commanders, were killed after the Syrian army targeted their hideout in a tunnel in Khan al-Sheih region.
    The army men also seized a workshop of the terrorists used for manufacturing mortar shells and missiles near Khan al-Sheih.The army soldiers also seized terrorists' arms and ammunition depot with US and Israel-made weapons.

    "The terrorists in Western Ghouta have been in close contact with al-Mouk Operation Room in Jordan," the sources said.

    Fri Nov 25, 2016 Syrian military forces discovered a long tunnel of the terrorist groups in Eastern Ghouta and destroyed it.
    The army soldiers discovered a 250-meter-long tunnel of the terrorists in Harasta used for transferring militants, weapons and ammunition.

    1. SNN search lead to a company in Jordan that produces the same yellow barrel, based in a free industrial area  n°474, in Jordan.
      It began to produce chemical products for the market in 2008.
      It produces Caustic Soda, liquid Chlorine, Acid Hydrochloric and Sodium Hydochlorite , and has several agents in Irak, Liberia, Morocco, Lebanon

    2. http://othersite.org/michel-chossudovsky-death-squads-in-iraq-and-syria-the-historical-roots-of-us-natos-covert-war-on-syria/
      Death squads including Lebanese and Jordanian Salafist units entered Syria’s southern border with Jordan in mid-March 2011.

  7. Hassan Abboud

    Until May 2011, these four prominent Islamists key fighters in the Syrian war, were guests at President Bashar al-Assad’s pleasure: inmates of the country’s most notorious political prison, Sednaya to the north of Damascus.

    Hassan Abboud founded Ahrar al-Sham in late 2011

    Since the Syrian rebel leader Hassan Aboud joined ISIS, taking with him fighters and weapons, he has been behind a sprawling mix of battlefield action and crime

    Sarmin, the town in the lowlands of Idlib Province where he headquartered his brigade, ...
    As Mr. Aboud gained power his activities sometimes turned sinister. Mr. Aasi said he became involved in the abductions of Alawites, and sought ransoms for their release. Other rebel leaders once intervened to stop the Dawood Brigade from executing civilians near Fuoa, a government-controlled town, Mr. Aasi said; among the detainees were women and a child.

    Since Mr. Aboud arrived in Raqqa, his associates said, they have had only occasional insight into his militant life.

    In April 2013 the EU lifted its ban on the import of Syrian oil from “rebel held territory to finance the opposition”.
    On a political level, the findings of the Russian expert commission´s investigation into the use of chemical weapons
    in Khan al-Assal on 5 March, which clearly documented that it was the opposition and not the Syrian Arab Army that used chemical weapons against unarmed civilians, has likely contributed to inducing “second thoughts”
    about the large scale use of chemical weapons by the Western – backed insurgents.

    In Deir ez-Zor and south of Hasakah, the oil is divided among the supporters of Baghdadi, Jabhat al-Nusra,
    Ahrar al-Sham, local factions and tribal groups.

    Deir Ezzor Isis 5 April 2016
    The US has confirmed the group's use of mustard gas, which is believed to have been weaponised
    in a powdered form carried by artillery shells at strengths capable of maiming victims rather than killing them outright.

  8. In the evening of March 16, two Sarmin residents said they heard a helicopter.
    “We prepared to react to two attacks,”
    Leith Fares,
    a rescue worker with Syrian Civil Defence,told Human Rights Watch.
    “A helicopter always drops two barrels.”


    The investigation could not take place under optimal conditions, because the OPCW inspectors
    were unable to visit the sites of alleged incidents shortly after their occurrence,
    take their own samples or review the records onsite.
    Instead they based themselves on interviews and supplementary materials submitted during the interview process

    On April 16, one month after the attack that killed the Taleb family,
    Dr. Mohammed Tennari, the director of the Sarmin field clinic in Idlib,
    testified about his experiences in front of the United Nations Security Council
    in an Arria-formula session hosted by U.S. Ambassador to the UN
    Samantha Power, who was brought to tears by his remarks

    But the SAMS website lists no such person.

  9. .., with only around 1,500 people killed from chemical attacks—

    161 attacks listed below (Page 54)


    On August 21, 2013, rockets filled with sarin were launched into Rural Damascus in the largest chemical attack in Syria to date—
    more than 1,300 people lost their lives
    in this horrific attack and over 10,000 more were affected.


    The number in Douma was 630 patients and 65 victims.

    Ein Tarma,141 of his patients died, including 66 children.

    32 8/21/13 East Ghouta Rif Dimashq 9,400 Affected 1,242 Fatalities Sarin

    The final laboratory results on environmental samples from Ghouta (Moadamiyah and Zamalka) are published below (see table 5.1).
    Appendix 5 Ghouta (Moadamiyah and Zamalka)Chemical weapon agent Sarin
    Moadamiyah on 26 August 2013 and Zamalka on 28 and 29 August 2013
    Pieces of fabric taken from one bed sheet and one carpet on the floor, in the living room of the apartment at the impact point in Moadamiyah None
    Pieces of fabric taken from one pillow None
    Pieces of fabric taken from the outer and the inner liners of a mattress. None

    Sample 1 to 12 taken on August 26.
    The persons must have been moved to Moadamiyah after having been exposed elsewhere. The 140 mm rocket the UN team assessed in Moadamiyah can thereby not be implicated in the chemical attack. http://www.moonofalabama.org/2013/09/syria-un-report-does-not-point-to-chemical-attack-origin.html

    33 8/21/13 Moadamiya Rif Dimashq 1,226 Affected
    105 Fatalities Sarin

    Kafar Batna :Sarin (victims) do not turn pink they turn blue (Page 32)
    the overall healthy pink color of the victims.
    MITSM concludes about 120-125 victims are visible in the complex,

    The four databases between them reported 128 children killed in the chemical attacks in Ghouta on 21 August 2013.

    Video of the wailing father of 3 dead daughters
    allegedly killed by Assad shelling first appeared on Youtube in March 2013.
    Magically, the same father is wailing over the same daughters on August 22, 2013, this time allegedly killed in Assad’s chemical attack.
    @ 1.03 the girl with red white t shirt

    Page 20 first pics

    the girl with the red white shirt : first row counting from left : between boy grey t shirt and girl in green

  10. Dr. Zaher Sahloul, SAMS Past President : FIRSTHAND MEDICAL ACCOUNT
    “One doctor from Ein Tarma, who runs a small rural hospital for 20 patients, told me
    with a trembling voice that he received about 700 patients in just a few hours.
    In spite of the heroic efforts by him and his volunteer medical team throughout that night, 141 of his patients died, including 66 children.
    He did not make it


    The medical staff in Douma is comprised of the few doctors who haven’t left the country and medicine students who couldn’t carry on with their studies because of the war. Retired medical staff lends a hand, as do new nurses being trained on the job.
    ..I first visited the makeshift field hospitals in 2014 First published December 2015. Bassam Khabieh
    A man holds the body of a dead child among bodies of people activists say were killed by nerve gas in the Ghouta region, in the Duma neighbourhood of Damascus August 21, 2013. (Reuters/Bassam Khabieh) / Reuters

    Dr. Khalil Al Asmar, Douma, East Ghouta :
    “I was sleeping in the doctor’s house in one of the basements beside the operation room. At about 2:30am,
    we got a call from the central ER. The physicians who were on staff that night informed me that it was a chemical attack.The numbers became over all capacity. I asked to our staff to do medical work in two schools and mosques, where there are water tanks. If there is no water, you don’t have a hospital. There was just one person who could classify the patients—me. I was the only one who studied it. I had to decide quick response for bad cases and delay medium and moderate cases. After 30 minutes, there were hundreds. We didn’t realize how many, but we knew there were hundreds

    The first problem was washing the bodies. The second problem was just how many people were there. The power engine became unable to warm water.

    The other problem was that most patients were female and we were unable to give them any privacy.
    They were delivered in sleeping suits.The number in Douma was 630 patients and 65 victims.

    Dr. Saif Eddin, the manager of Medical Point 1 in Douma :
    We had received casualties of chemical and poisonous weapons use by the regime's forces for six times,
    the last of which was at 03: 00 am on 21 Aug 2013.
    At first we received four casualties with slight injuries.
    Then, suddenly, the number started to increase on a larger scale

    as they were being transferred by buses.

    At that day we received 600 casualties in batches

  11. Majid Abu Ali, Douma
    Majid Abu Ali, a 38-year-old Syrian GP, has described the moment he watched hundreds of dying men, women and children arrive at his makeshift hospital on the outskirts of Damascas.
    Dr Ali trained at Damascus University and now works inside the rebel city of Douma, about seven miles north-east of the centre of Damascus and two miles from the suburb of East Ghouta, scene of the atrocity.
    Dr Ali said the most disturbing sight was row upon row of young children’s corpses lying perfectly still and seemingly asleep. 
    Dr Ali pointed to US President Barack Obama’s ‘red line’ speech of almost exactly one year ago, when he suggested that the use of chemical weapons would make international intervention in  Syria inevitable.

  12. The discrepancies in the story of the Ghouta CW attacks are vast. Casualty figures range from a more modest 300+ to the more dramatic 1,400+ figures touted by western governments.
    The UN investigators were not able to confirm any of these numbers – they only saw 80 survivors and tested only 36 of these.

    They saw none of the dead – neither in graves nor in morgues.


    Majid Abu Ali, Douma
    In Ghouta, Majed Abu Ali, a spokesman for 17 clinics and field hospitals near Damascus, produced the same list,
    saying the hospitals were unable to identify all the dead.
    The Obama administration says 1,429 people died in 12 locations

    SNHR documented the kill of 613 Syrian citizens by name, video, and photo, as a result of targeting Western and Easter Ghouta:

    Civilians: 578 victims, including 131 children and 136 ladies:

    Among the victims we documented 33 citizens that we didn't get their names, cause the resident's didn't recognize them, but we have photos for them.

    1,429 - 613 buried unidentified ?

    The Caesar photos were supposed to show how 6,600-11,000 detainees were killed just in the Damascus area up to mid-August, 2013. My analysis of the provided dates on these photos suggests most of the unidentified bodies rolled in between November, 2012 and the last days between August 14 and 20.

  13. https://www.quora.com/Why-don%E2%80%99t-terrorist-organisations-use-chemical-or-bio-weapons-instead-of-bombs

    In regards to the surface to surface missiles, in August that “the Free Syrian Army – as well as the Al-Qaeda affiliated al-Nusra Front and other groups – have also been using increasingly potent captured artillery. This has included Grad surface-to-surface rockets analysts say were vital to the Islamist-led push into Latakia.”[5] (emphasis added)
    This is further expounded upon in a report by the Middle East Media Research Institute released in July which stated that “antiaircraft, antitank, and surface-to-surface weapons are in the hands of both the Free Syrian Army (FSA), which is considered relatively moderate, and the local and global Islamist forces.”[6] (emphasis added)
    This evidence reveals that it is possible for the rebels to have launched the chemical weapons attack.

    More Questions Raised About ‘Amateurish’ U.N. Report
    Maloof also takes on the UN inspectors’s report, citing a number of discrepancies, the most interesting of which is that the rockets identified by UN inspectors are a 140mm rocket fired by a BM-14 multiple rocket laucher, and 330mm rockets — but neither of these rockets, nor the launcher, are used by the Syrian military. Sources told WND that the 330mm rockets had no markings on them and were of an unusual design that doesn’t resemble anything in the Syria Army inventory.
    Maloof further notes that, on Sept. 17, Al Jazeera published a video of a rocket-manufacturing workshop
    run by the U.S.-backed Free Syrian Army.
    The videotape shows computer-driven lathes, and the video narrator was told that the shop produces
    three kinds of rockets used by rebel forces — one of which has the same range as the BM-14 launcher.
    The FSA shop makes the rocket bodies and motors, plus the warheads and the detonators.

    The Borkan (Volcano) gun is a multiple barrelled rocket launcher made out of a mechanical digger with four pipes attached to it Picture: Ameer Alhalbi/NurPhoto/REX Shutterstock
    It can fire four shells made out of gas canisters up to three kilometres.


    Shooting from Short Range :
    chemical attack in Libiya 2012 Nafusah mountains 19.06.12

    One of his three sons, Adel, 22, takes up the story.) “My father was a missile specialist.
    He was asked to adapt Pechora [Soviet surface-to-air missiles, first produced in the early 60s] so that
    they could be fired shorter distances from a vehicle. He achieved that. It worked and they did tests in Tawergha
    [a town between Misrata and Sirte  from which all residents left during the 2011 revolution].”

    chemical attack by rifles :
    @ 1.53 @3.06 Alloush army

  14. Khaled Saleh,born in Deir Ezzor

    Eventually he was elected president of the media office by
    the SNC council. Initially at least he had real problems
    finding qualified staff: "Few people in Syria did media professionally as we know it in the West."

    "You look at this and you wonder what kind of human would do that," says Saleh.
    "The pictures I saw still haunt me. You feel that you aren’t dealing with humans, they must be animals."

    Saleh is media chief of the major opposition group, the National Coalition Of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces (SNC).

    12 Dec 2013 Khaled Saleh, a spokesman for the Western-backed Syrian National Coalition,
    said the FSA had been forced to ask the Islamic Front for help after being overrun by another Islamist group,
    the al Qaeda-affiliated Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

    Idriss has been lobbying for larger US assistance as well.
    One of his demand is for a no-fly zone over Syrian skies which could prevent Assad from using air power against rebels.
    His claims that there was “clear proof” that the regime had used chemical weapons were clearly aimed at persuading Washington to take a more pro-active role.7

    1,429 people died,
    The number is higher than that, said Khalid Saleh,
    head of the press office at the anti-Assad Syrian Coalition
    who was in Washington to lobby lawmakers to authorize the strikes. Some of those involved in the attacks later died in their homes and opposition leaders were weighing releasing a full list of names of the dead.


  15. Mijn suggestie is om gewoon rond te bellen en te zien welke prijzen verschillende apothekers hebben. Chemist Warehouse doet prijsvergelijking als u elders elders goedkoper vindt. U kunt het mogelijk ook terugvorderen via een particuliere ziekteverzekering https://herenapotheek.nl/kamagra-prijs/ .


Comments welcome. Stay civil and on or near-topic. If you're at all stumped about how to comment, please see this post.