Warning: This site contains images and graphic descriptions of extreme violence and/or its effects. It's not as bad as it could be, but is meant to be shocking. Readers should be 18+ or a mature 17 or so. There is also some foul language occasionally, and potential for general upsetting of comforting conventional wisdom. Please view with discretion.

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Fail Caesar Part 5: Questioning the Number System

Fail "Caesar" Part 5: Questioning the Number System
January 16. 2015
(incomplete - last edits Feb. 7)

Please note: this is something of a report on work in progress, only bordering on a readable long article. It's meant more to skim,  to inspire more researchers to look into it,  as a reference and shortcut for them, and - most importantly - to help the general public (those who can follow, and care enough) to think outside the box here. A lot is covered below, from basics to detailed observations and thought exercises. Not every point does much to challenge "Caesar" narrative, but each one matters in considering the whole.
Here is where I will analyze the number system used in the massive catalog of morgue photos presented by the Syrian defector "Caesar," the alleged meaning behind each number, and some consideration of other possible meanings.

According to the partisan defector, all of the 55,000 photos he smuggled out after fleeing in mid-late August, 2013, show killed detainees of the "Assad regime," with all other kinds of deaths in the Damascus area during the conflict apparently documented somewhere else. were  However, as I've previously addressed (see The Other Half of the Caesar Photos), there was a late revelation that almost half of the touted 55,000 images actually showed victims and effects of opposition violence or, at least, something other than detainee deaths. The remaining half, as accepted by Human Rights Watch, suggested close to 7,000 prisoners of the state security system, when it was said to be over 11,000. 

As it turns out after some study, the photos touted as that seem to show nearly 7,000 people who mainly seem to me like clear mid-to-long-term detainees of someone. Also as claimed, the number system implies even more passed through - perhaps just over 11,000 suggested. This is a coincidence (or is it?) The previous 11,000 claim was based on different and flawed reasoning by Carter-Ruck and/or their sources (see the link above for that part and see below for the new stuff.) But a number of interesting points emerge, especially as we consider what the numbers mean.

Reading the Numbers
For anyone wanting to read along, the photographers here used the Eastern Arabic number system. The digits translate:

So the 1 and 9 are familiar to us - users of the "Western Arabic" system - while the 4, 5, and 6 are confusing, and their 0 is easy to miss or confuse with a fly. Further, they write the 2 differently than shown here, perhaps to make it more distinct from the three - simpler and almost like the letter C. As written (sampled from photos):

So 215 looks like CIO, and 227 like CCV.  That's because, while Arab writing reads right-to-left, number blocks read left-to-right like Westerners do it.

I'm not sure how unusual it is to use this more archaic number system. It seems odd, but might be standard and used already (see below: Previous Example: Deraa).

Here's how the system is used on the index cards seen in the photos (at right). As all sources pretty much agree and analysis seems to bear out, they put branch victim and branch number at the top, and a hospital 601 processing number below (due to reading order, I put the /b at the end like they do - it's a suffix, not prefix).

Here, notice an unusual thing; the person first wrote for hospital # 4924/b, and covered  the 9 with a bolder 6. This might suggest (truthfully or not) that the writer normally used the Persian variant number system (compare here - their 6 is more similar to a 9). Or they just thought 9. This victim 227-2615, by the way, is the one tattoo-identifiable Christian I can point to in the photo catalog. What better time (aside from when you've killed a Shia or Alawi) to trot out hints that Iranians did it? That's all highly speculative. "Caesar" could have just forgot where he was, and numbered this one ... off by exactly 300? How do you do that when you're deep in 4600s, just did 4622, and suddenly think this one's 4923? Hm... that's fairly possible. But it's one of the smaller mysteries discovered so far.

The branch number often appears on the victim's forehead, written on the skin directly or on a piece of tape. Both this and the hospital number are often written on their chests or bodies. All seem to use the same system and tend to match up.

Now let's consider each number shown, from the bottom up:

* Hospital 601 processing number, or just hospital number, or bottom number: others use "examination number" or "death number." It seems to be assigned on-site at hospital 601 based on the order bodies are received. SNHR says this bottom number shows "precisely the detainee’s number after his death under torture in the security forces’  branch." My guess on the real purpose is below, under "hospital#: final index for retrieval?")

* Branch number: - the designation of the branch of Syrian military intelligence responsible for this body, allegedly. (see list below under "branch number means what?") The common understanding is that branch held the man prisoner, tortured him, and in the end killed him. But this is open to question (see same section).

* Branch victim #: Aside from the first 999 victims, the top number is usually 4 digits long, resting on the bar over branch number. Just what this represents and how it progresses is disputed, and discussed below ("branch victim#: for prisoners or corpses?").

The Whole System: What's Confirmed and What's in Question?
The nearly 7,000 face-shots were published in March, 2015 by the Syrian Association For Missing and Conscience Detainees (SAFMCD), the official guardians of the photos. Their photos - WARNING: GRAPHIC - can be seen here (organized into branch-based folders in Arabic. The numbers are normal here, and 215, 227 etc. are easy to find). I'm not showing them here, since I clicked this agreement. But in the interest of identifying the dead, their method of death, and killers, I've done some serious review of these photos, entry numbers and file names, and previously released photos. Now I can verify the following claims:

* At least several group shots, and likely a vast majority of all photos, were taken at the garage behind military hospital 601 in Damascus, and/or in a hospital setting taken as 601 or one affiliated. (Tishreen military hospital is mentioned). Apparently, this is still a controversial point to some people, but it shouldn't be. See HRW report for graphic explanation, or here at ACLOS, where it's noted Bellingcat also got it right. Well inside the secured core of the capitol and just down the hill from president Assad's home, this is an official place, and these should be official procedures.It's still possible many or even most photos were actually taken somewhere else and slipped in, but I'm not proceeding on that idea.

* The SAFMCD database includes 6,850 photos, mainly face shots. This minus exceptions (several duplicates at least, one tattoo shot, one blank card, etc.) probably is just about the estimated numbers cited. HRW has 6,786 detainees, and the book by Garance Le Caisne reached a count of 6,627. Both sound close to what I'd guess. I'm liking the low one at the moment, but will use a rounded-off middle number of 6,700 as shorthand.

* The SAFMCD decided the hospital number (bottom #) rises to 5,000 (or 4,999?), then switches to restart at 1 but with a suffix - the Arabic letter for b. (I presume that's what they decided, as it seems right - HRW tried to explain it but it came out mangled - see here). I don't know how logical that is. They would most logically use the whole ten digits before re-starting, but whatever the reason, I can see numbers ticking up to near 5,000 (highest seen: 4887), then starting low with a /ب . That's the second letter in their alphabet, like in ours with "b" sound (and the first letter is their "a," but from there it's different). The lowest I've noted is 357/b. And we can see it again climbing to close to 5,000 (highest seen - 4994/b). (See ACLOS table, 2nd column, continues across all boxes, all branches, all victims, and very far from complete).

A full cycle of 1-5,000/nothing and then a cycle up to 5,000/b, gives 10,000 slots to fill, and the SAFMCD says there were at least 11,000 victims. This suggests 5,000/b was passed and they started with another letter, and made it at least 1,000 victims into it before "Caesar" stopped gathering and fled. Presumably the next letter would be ت, the third letter in the normal alphabet system, with a "t" sound. (the first letter,  ا ("a" sound) was skipped, implied by the nothing) I don't think I've seen that last photographed letter just yet, if I ever will, but Le Caisne's book cites it as - strangely - ث, the fourth letter with a "th" sound. (citation forthcoming) The reason for skipping a letter might be to just use even numbered letters, for no clear reason, but whatever. It also seems easy to confuse the letters, but for the author to make an issue of it, it must have been pretty clear)

At right, from an image linked in the SNHR report, is a man spitting blood despite no visible injury. He's also been moderately starved, and suffered burns or irritation to the skin of his shoulders, neck, and perhaps his eyes. On the card, on his shoulder, and on his forehead but now covered in blood, is "detainee" number 215-1289. On the card also is hospital number 4833. That's near the switch to /b numbers, so he should be in the massive folder 3-2013, where that switch happens.

* Considering that implication raises a problem; if about 6,700 faces are shown in the given span, while the body numbers in the same span suggest 11,000 or so passed through ... this means roughly 4,300 of the bodies - about 40% of them - are missing somewhere in the sequence.

This could have a totally innocent explanation, and the missing views could be just more of the same. Maybe those were on Caesar's days off? A fuller number sampling will argue for or against that. But so far it seems some single entries are missing between ones inlcluded. If that's the case widely enough, it suggests a massive filetering of the images to create a certain effect. What's missing? Natural deaths? Foreign terrorists killed in action? Pro-government militants? Identifiable pro-government civilians? Massacred women and girls? Or is it just more of the same 100% tortured detainees?

Human Rights Watch heard "Caesar" explain he only gathered photos when it seemed safe, and apparently some weren't available at those times. That could be, but precedent says when "Caesar" cites safety concerns, he means truth concerns. The photos he didn't include were likely those he feared would damage his story - worse than the ones he did include.

* The chronology between the different numbers over time seems about right so far, suggesting a huge number of detainees/victims - at least 80-90% of those seen - were documented in the periods covered by folders between Nov. 1, 2012 (reaching back how far is unclear) and August 14, 2013. There are however some number/date/folder oddities that need explored more (updates if warranted and I have time)
Despite these technical points seeming to pan out, I'm still not convinced the numbers seen represent a real "regime" system, although it would likely resemble the official system. It could well be the real deal, but the possibilities merit more scrutiny before deciding that. And more importantly, if it is official, the question of just what they're tallying here also deserves more thought and less credulity.

Branch Number Means What?
"Caesar," and all his supporting (alleged) witnesses and experts agree that the branch number shown means exactly one thing; that's who held, abused, and killed this man. But at least one interesting pattern emerges when looking at the branches blamed. These are, as auto-translated from SAFMCD folder names: # of photos there, and minimum range of victim numbers (highest and lowest I've seen so far)

    * 215 - secret raids and intrusions - 3,556 photos (min. victim # range: 178-4089)
    * 227 - Zone Branch (Damascus) - 2,047 photos (min range: 409-2822)
    * Air Force Intelligence Branch - 390 photos (branch number = Arabic letter equating to J - ج) (min range: unclear, perhaps #1, up to 9246 - many victims implied, most of whom were not sent to 601)
    * 216 - periodicals Branch - 297 (HRW gives "patrols branch," which I prefer) (min range: 44-385
    * 235 - Palestine Branch - 128 (no min range yet for this or the rest)
    * "Anonymous branch": 109 (meaning what?)
    * 251 - Internal branch - the state security: 103
    * "Sporadic views": 71 (meaning what?)
    * 248 - military investigation Branch - 54
    * 220 - Sasa branch: 50
    * Military Police Branch: 45

The top 4 are responsible for well over 90% of the photos/victims. Two of these (patrols, raids) sound clearly mobile. I'm not sure what zone means, but it might be mobile. I don't know if AF Intel has a mobile unit, or any of the other branches. But it might be that these are the people called when a pile of emaciated corpses appears, for example, at the edge of a rebel-held town or district where the local terrorists just ditched that many unneeded hostages.

Furthermore, there are other reasons military intelligence might hold bodies that other parties had collected. They might, for example, want to document what the terrorists they're up against do to people, maybe with an eye to court cases against those found responsible.

Otherwise, it's possible "Caesar" and/or collaborators controlling the site managed to re-brand bodies brought in. They could have done this with the upper numbers made up and written in - and kept track of - blaming a systemic range of security agencies, when really they were only tasked with the the hospital number.

Consider: by this spread, branches with apparent reason to interrogate people - the one reasonable if wrong use for torture - seem to be doing very little of it (fatally anyway).  Military investigation and military police branches have only 100 dead between them. Is that realistic, or a way of clarifying that this torture was mainly not about getting information? Like "Caesar" suggests at every turn, it must be about pointless, villainous, regime-change-justifying cruelty.

And then of course it's possible, and well-enough covered elsewhere, that "Caesar" and the others are correct. We're in the business of considering all possibilities here, right?

Some Apparent Combat Deaths,  But Mostly Detainees

Not that this is the most representative example, but it's an example. At right, by the card and body numbers is branch victim #j/9227, hospital # 2441/b, (with a little difficulty again in the hundreds, different ink colors, confusing errors here...). Military intelligence allegedly killed this apparent NDF fighter (aka "Shabih"), maybe for "refusing orders." He has Assad tattoos, a spiderweb on the shoulder, bearded but neat, and strong - not starved or anything, this one. He was shot in the side by a large caliber round, perhaps by a sniper.

Somehow, I suspect, he became unidentified, maybe dumped far from the kill spot, and that's why, for now, he's only identified with a number. "Caesar" would say he's another coded state secret that wound up here. Here's his SAFMCD tortured detainee entry: photo original name j-9227-4-6-2013 (5) (note: I think the 5 suggests there are 5 photos of this guy, or this is #5 of however many - a bit higher than the average seen (2 or 3), which might mean extra views ... to document tattoos, for example).

But again I emphasize, this inclusion of apparent fighters doesn't seem to be the norm. Most of those will be identified, and it seems most don't pass through here. And there's more likely to be a good number of unknown rebel fighters (foreign and domestic) included.  While such inclusions challenge the simple "Caesar" story and should be noted, the majority of photos - at least 80% - seem like hated and abused detainees. They may have been fighters once, but didn't spend their last days or die that way. Starved, tortured, eyes gouged out or damaged, and many apparently gassed to death * - these men were generally treated too poorly to be anything but prisoners.  And again I emphasize - they seem like prisoners of someone.

* Yes, gassed to death. I'll be coming back to this...

Branch Victim #: for Prisoners or Corpses?
Important question: Is the top number the victim's identifier when alive, or is it only assigned after death? The SNHR's report calls this this the victim's "number in the security branch (before his death)," presumably set by arrest or arrival date. Only the bottom number is post-death, and issued in that order.

However, as far as I've seen, branch victim numbers consistently tick up along with the hospital numbers, each one at its own varying speed. And group shots tend to show consecutive and close numbers dying at the same time. We see victims 2348, 2350, and 2355 from branch 215 at least, among a dozen men in one group shot (see here). As covered here, the scene including Rihab Allawi (the one woman in the portfolio) shows more 215 victims numbered 2916, 2920, 2922, 2924, 2925, and 2935 (Rihab), besides others that aren't readable. So even if the jailers know in advance when the prisoners will die and assign numbers that way, still they're numbered by death order, just predicted. Of course, that's not likely, so ... it's probably a simple order of death or perhaps order of counting among found dead

In fact, the SNHR must realize this sequential grouping even as they argued against its implication. When noting how different branch victims were present at the same time, they note one victim each from 215 and 216 are seen in the same photo, along with 227 victims #2076 and 2075. So clearly, it's not their number when alive, as someone told them.

Interestingly, the original Carter-Ruck Qatar report disagrees with them, and is more credible on this point (p 13):
Each murdered detainee was given two numbers with only the intelligence service knowing the identities of the corpses. The procedure for documentation was that when a detainee was killed each body was given a reference number which related to that branch of the security service responsible for his detention and death. When the corpse was taken to the military hospital it was given a further number so as to document, falsely, that death had occurred in the hospital.
So the prisoner number they had when alive remains a coded secret. Or maybe it's non-existent.

Human Rights Watch heard both versions. To their credit they noted that fact, and leaned towards agreeing it's a post-death number. Their report (page 34) calls it a "detainee number: a number assigned to each detainee by the security branch that holds him in custody." When is it given? "Given that most of these numbers appear chronologically, it is likely that the number was assigned to the detainee following his death." This plainly evident truth might be why one "defector who served as a guard at a security branch" told them the number was assigned when someone died.

But HRW also heard - from the central expert, "Caesar" himself - the same thing SNHR heard. He was speaking to the UN Congress in July. (HRW was unable to get their own direct interview with the defector, while the SNHR was. He might be going into more of a retirement mode these days.) "Caesar testified that the number was assigned at the time of the detainee’s arrival at the security branch." In all his careful observation, did the heroic whistle-blower never notice how consecutive numbers kept appearing together? Or did he think they were being killed off in the same exact order they came in? If so, why did he never mention that chilling - and fairly absurd - detail?

Update: Now, maybe Caesar himself hasn't made this claim, but others have. One is the Syrian Association for Missing and Conscience Detainnes (SAFMCD), the photo curators as linked to here.  A friend alerted me to a SAFMCD video that misreads the clues almost comically, and seems to make just this claim. See:
المعتقلين ليسو أرقام - الصور المسربة (Detainees are not numbers - pictures leaked) uploaded by SAFMCD.Com, June 28, 2015. 
At 2:30, boy victim #216/85 is used to explain how branch victim # is "the number of the detainee in the intelligence branch before his murder." (emphasis in narration). Then they launch immediately into serial error and  the upside of this call - "serial murder." They show yet another group shot with 215 branch victims numbered 2173, 2175, and 2177 (video still at right). The British-accent narrator explains "the numbers of the victims are consecutive or very close in sequence. This confirms the systematic murder process of the detainees." It's not just systematic but hyper-systematic and bizarre - it would confirm they're being killed just about exactly in the order they came in.

The video also considers decay, slimy and otherwise, as caused by torture with "strange materials" (6:48). To them, this may help explain why decayed bodies are often numbered right next to freshly dead people. Here's one example of that: branch 251 victims 63 (freshly killed), 64, 65, (dead a week), and 67 (recent kill). I can't find 66. It might be one of the thousands that are missing, or one of the few in this stretch that's out-of-sequence.

Note: Mouaz Moustafa is a member of this SAFMCD and is also, usually, the public translator for "Caesar" when he appears. No wonder they both seem to believe in this absurd reading. Moustafa is also a Syrian-American, not a Syrian, working in the "Government Relations" industry in Washington DC, a John McCain-affiliated director of the "Syrian Emergency Task Force" team pushing for the overthrow of Syria's government. They do this with reasoning and moral pretexts improvised from truth, lies, or whatever they find. Here he is giving a guided tour of the photos to Dubliners who seem to me more skeptical than he realized.

Hospital #: Final Index for Retrieval?
My guess is that there's a detailed file associated at the branch for each of these unidentified victims, accessible by that number. Or, if the branch part is fake, the file is at the hospital, attached to the bottom number (or the real hospital number if these too are faked).

After the cataloging wherever, I suppose the bodies would be buried in a government-run cemetery, as "Caesar" and the rest claim. If there's even a first stop, then in between I'm guessing there's a last stop and final audit. Bodies would be documented one last time, correlated with any prior numbers, and gathered in sufficient numbers to justify a trip to one of the cemeteries north of town (or wherever exactly they were buried). And this is military hospital 601, where "Caesar" worked.

It must be noted that burial under a number system in a government-run cemetery doesn't necessarily mean mass graves or dumping secrets. In Muslim countries, it's a moral imperative to bury the victims in soil within one day of death if possible, even if they have to be exhumed and re-buried later. When morgues are full, there are hundreds more to refrigerate, families have a hard time crossing battle lines to come identify people, etc. one might have no choice but the proper one of storage in dirt. 

If finally someone comes in and recognizes a photo, they'll have these numbers and photos to follow. The Hospital 601 number should then be correlated with a grave site number, and should lead right to the victim's remains for reclamation, when that's possible.

But that's just my guess. Most people accept that these numbers are to verify the regime's evil plans were carried through, to conceal original prisoner identity, and launder their deaths as "heart attacks" at the hospital. As evidence for that, I believe, "Caesar" produced one or a few death certificates for heart attack victims he swears were actually among these 100% torture victims. And they might well be - several combat death, a couple natural causes, and mainly executed detainees - of someone.

Who Wrote the Numbers?
Considering the observations above, we should see on the victims and their index cards two different death numbers, ostensibly from two different facilities both recording the fact. HRW's report relates on page 9 how the first number is written at the security branch: "Former detainees reported seeing numbers written on the bodies of dead detainees or on cards, before guards removed the bodies from security branches."

This is the supposed detainees - brought forth to confirm Caesar's story - specifying that the numbers were part of the broader system. From things they were lucky enough to see first-hand, they knew the numbers were not something, for example, that "Caesar" made up on his own initiative at the hospital 601 garage. Nor were they something official that was only set at the hospital. Nor, they're clear, does this numbering system document anything other than killed detainees. They're clear it all shows branch-hospital cooperation in mass murder and mass cover-up.

The bottom hospital number would presumably be set at the garage, based on order of body processing there. So if what HRW heard is true, the numbers would be not just assigned but written in two different places.

The blue ink lines on the hand holding the card in this SAFMCD photo from the 4-6-2013 folder.  Cards and/or bodies are being at least partly filled in here, by these guys.  It's probably the same color on that card, although it's hard to be sure with that deep blur. Also note it seems to be the same color of ink on top and bottom. That's consistent with just some writing happening here, and it's consistent with a completely on-site operation, as the witnesses were clear to argue away.
Let's compare this to an unusual but instructive case. As listed in the SAFMCD database, victim 63 from low-kill branch 248 (military investigation Branch), in a folder dated July 26, 2013. This is a teenage boy who's been seriously starved, had his eyes damaged, perhaps chemically, his neck lightly burned/irritated, and has a trace of orange mucous/blood from his nose. Victims 62 and 64 and others listed near him show similar signs but in different combinations. Now see fuller view below (original - direct link, Zaman al-Wasl article).

Seen: an unclear 4-digit number over 215 was first written on his chest, then mostly washed off and written over with 62/248. The card held seems to have agreed, originally, with the second number. But then “Caesar” changed the photo later, painting over the 2 and replacing it with a 3, so 63/248, as listed by SAFMCD (and there is a taken 62 slot, with no body shot to see if that was ever changed). Further, the bottom number was changed from 44??/b to 4450/b.

The same color of blue ink was used on his body and for all numbers on the card, though possibly with two different markers at two different places. On the card, we can see possibly two types of handwriting, but the same color and gauge of marker at least. It's likely but not certain that everything here was written at the same place, perhaps by "Caesar" and an accomplice. In other cases, it may be different.

Some possibilities for this scene:
* Branch 248 wrote ????/215 on the boy's chest in error, forgetting who they were. Caesar corrected them based on the card they wrote saying 62/248, filled in the bottom number in the same color ink - but then decided later on that the original 62 he used to correct his other error was wrong (because??), and he changed it with after effects, besides the bottom number he threw off.
* The branch wrote 62/248 on the card, and nothing on the body. Caesar goofed up the body writing and then changed it to match. The bottom number was filled in then, or was already done – but it was done wrong (?) and so he changed that in the photo, as well as the original 62.
* Nothing was written at 248, if the body was even there. Caesar wrote this out for 215, maybe just by reflex or because that's all they were processing at the time. Then he realized some detail about the boy that, for whatever he knew about 248 and those running it, meant they should be blamed - or they were just short on 248 victims and he would be a perfect fit, or whatever. But he forgot there was already a 62, and had to change it later. And the hospital number, because that was 62's number. Did this boy replace an original 63 perhaps?
* Caesar goofed this up on purpose, hoping someone like me would make a big deal over what actually seems to be an odd an isolated case. Well, I don't see a reason to make a big deal over this, yet - but it's confusing, and maybe eventually it will seem more important. And it was a good excuse to stop and wonder, which has been in short order with regards to “Caesar” and his claims.

Update: An inverse example from the above. This entry does not show any number on the body but instead on forehead tape. It says 2008, with no branch specified. Someone clearly at the morgue and not the security branch goofed up the card to say victim and branch # 2008/b (again, /b was the morgue's running suffix at the time - the bottom number should be xxxx/b)). Only later did "Caesar" or whoever notice the error, and paint 215 over b. That seems reasonable enough, on a bad day...and it means in at least this case, the cards were being entirely written out at the morgue. If that were the case in the example above, if the boy had nothing written on his chest (only logical), nothing on his forehead as we see (or was that removed to aid the transfer? Ha! Look closely - there was tape there once.), and he had no prewritten card (or it was tossed?) ... then what did Caesar use to correct his own /215 body writing error?

Previous Example: Deraa
An old example might help or confuse things here. Hamza al-Khatib was a plump 13-year-old or a plumber-yet full sized man, depending on if you believe activists and media or doctors and photos. He was famously killed back on  the night of April 29, 2011 in Deraa, during torture in a prison or in clashes at the military housing complex, depending who you ask .

He was apparently processed at Deraa's national hospital as an unidentified victim of the clashes, later identified and handed back to his family, according to official sources. But he was examined by coroner Dr. Akram al-Shar, who's mentioned in SNHR report as the head of forensic science at hospital 601 where the "Caesar" photos were taken. Thus they find him among the "most significant" of those "involved in the crimes."

Anyway, it seems Deraa's military hospital used a similar system to that under study, but used for unidentified, found bodies instead of for tortured detainees. Al-Shar's examination should have been secure and official, and it used eastern Arabic numbers, here 23. There's no torture branch indicated, but authorities published these photos, so maybe this is the "clean" version? So who was responsible for this clear ... hole-punching with a huge electric drill I guess, aging to adult, significant fattening, and partial decay of that poor little 13-year-old boy? Hard to say, but they definitely work for Assad, right?</sarcasm>

Note: according to the SNHR report, the biggest portion of identified "Caesar" photo victims - 204 out of 722 - are from Deraa.  So a doctor, a number system, and a lot of victims allegedly link Damascus and Deraa throughout this story.

Official-Rebel Hybrid ID System? 
(added Feb. 7)
A point that occurred to me later is the similarity of the forehead tape to a system I've seen used before - in rebel areas. This was the Ghouta chemical massacre of August 21, 2013, with hundreds killed allegedly by Sarin rockets (which is also just after "Caesar" fled Syria with his last gathered photos). Below is a boy victim, #86 (see also here), of a purported 800 numbered, unidentified victims, and perhaps zero that anyone knew immediately. (source f/c). Signs say that's because they were people held captive by local terrorist groups, who wound up burying them in mass graves somewhere, after a token few were claimed by alleged family on video.

So here the tape records victim of (regime rocket? rebel prisons/gas chambers?). We know reels use this system, but it could be something everyone does.

In the Caesar photos, we see the killers do the same, but with a branch number added beside it. Unlike the later victims, these were passed through the system as un-identified, or at least coded in a system very similar to that for mystery bodies; they get the official-style card documentation seen with little Hamza (left). Unlike Hamza (identified and then handed back to family) and the Ghouta mass gave burials, the "Caesar" photo victims had to be buried by the government in cemeteries they ran.

Combining those precedents, this happenstance hybrid system could show a Ghouta-style mystery person - a victim of (regime prison/gas chamber? rebel prison/gas chamber? other/unclear?) - numbered like rebels at least do it, and then passed through the official system as well. In the example here, only a hospital number is shown, as with Hamza. In most other cases, the cards "Caesar" or a teammate write up "confirm" the branch number ... which was written there first by local terrorists, for all we know. 

The number system doesn't seem, in itself, to contain anything to undo "Caesar's" story. It could go either way in showing a seen 7,000, and implied 11,000+ men and boys killed in or near Damascus since the outsider-supported uprising began in 2011.

(More detailed summary of actual findings, forthcoming...)

The core questions remain when, where, how, and by whom they were actually killed. The answer to that is likely to be mixed, but we can't call it mixed/unknown and walk away, nor can we accept "Caesar's" claim these were all "regime" detainees. On this scale, with the horrible abuses seen, the proportions of the mixture must be carefully considered. And clearly the universal activist story of "tortured to death in a regime prison" has been highly overrated, from the little Hamza story up until now.


  1. Just a thought: I wonder if the branch number doesn't refer to the victim at all.. maybe instead of "branch that detained victim", it's "photographer from branch"?

    If the photos were actually taken by people drafted in from intelligence branches of course.

    It would explain the changing numbers - they could start by sharing out the work by numbering and marking which ones they'll do. If one photographer misses a body, tries to help out or messes up the numbering they just rub it out. Doing their numbering independently, they add their identifier (branch) to try and keep it a unique reference to the unknown victim.

    Might explain the seemingly inserted photos and mistakes- a visiting photographer, maybe filling in for one of the regulars, didn't label and number their photos properly so whoever found them didn't know whose work it was. Then renamed and just shared some out to each photographer's folder. If their performance is rated by amount they produce, sharing it equally may seem fair?

    I don't know if all this fits.

  2. Good thinking cap work, Andrew. I haven't 100% ruled out that it's a documentation system. But MI branches have little business just taking pictures. They might want copies, but this seems like more basic work for an army photographer at the hospital.

    There were likely a few people total working on it, so fill-ins making mistakes is possible. (the 2008/b case for example). The Hospital # insertions are pretty clear in being a big after-the-fact laundering of about 200 entries by re-branding the hospital's body #, no mistake there. Maybe an initial mistake where the numbers were lost, or never assigned (terrorist error), requiring this creating of numbers.

    The main thing about the numbers is they're written on before death, it seems. When they cough up blood hanging upside down, it often rolls up over the tape, soaking it and making it hard to read. I think it's basically a killed-in order for the terrorists' different "MI branch" subsets.

    But others say it's a death order in the MI branch or most say it's assigned on transfer, and so they're being killed in the same order they come in, which is pretty systematic evil, and I think ridiculous.

    1. It would be bizarre.. and the obvious question would be why even bother with the tape, numbers and sending the body to hospital anyway? Just amend records, phone the doctor (who was apparently willing to make up the cause of death) for hospital numbers and to arrange death certificate.

      They don't need 'secret identity codes' and attached branch numbers, I can't see any logic in involving anyone like "Caesar". It does seem like someone trying to fit a convoluted explanation around the purpose behind some photos they 'obtained'.

      The bodies are supposedly grouped by that number at the hospital, "Caesar" says there were about a dozen photographers in his team.. we have about a dozen folder names. Maybe coincidence!

    2. Just a thought, perhaps "zone branch" is "branch zone" - they may have divided the map up into areas or zones, each zone with a 'branch number'. The number would show the area in which the unidentified body was found?

  3. The true identity of “Caesar” is probably not as claimed.Carter Ruck Report says

    However if his story is true,it would be easy for the Syrian government to determine who he really is.After all,how many military photographers took photos at Tishreen and Military 601 Hospitals during those years and then disappeared?
    According to the CarterRuck report,Caesar’s family left Syria around the same time.
    Considering this, why is “ Caesar ” keeping his identity secret from the western audience?
    Why does “ Caesar ” refuse to meet even with highly sympathetic journalists or researchers?

    bringing out Caesar Douma 4 , December 9? Douma 3 ?

    Happy birthday Razan Zaitouna in the 40th birthday anniversary Razor have been kidnaped at may 2011 in Ghouta near damascus #FreeRazan

    Prominent Syrian activist Razan Zeitoune kidnapped – NOW, 10 December 2013
    The others taken with Mrs. Zaitouneh were her husband
    Wael Hmadeh,
    and two other activists named Nazem al-Hamadi and Samira al-Khalil. [3]
    BEIRUT - Prominent Syrian human rights lawyer Razan Zeitoune was kidnapped along with her husband
    and two colleagues in the Damascus town of Douma.
    "Masked men stormed and vandalized the Douma office of the Violation Documentation Center in Syria and [kidnapped] Razan Zeitoune, [her husband] Wael Hmadeh, Nazem al-Hamadi and Samira al-Khalil,” sources told NOW on Tuesday.

    2009 July 8, The last point relates to a recent report from lawyer/journalist and human rights activist
    Razan Zeitunah (strictly protect) who met us separately on July 1 to discuss having been called in for questioning by security services on June 29. 9. (S/NF) Zeitunah told us security services had asked whether she had met with anyone from our "Foreign Ministry" and with anyone from the Democracy Council (Comment: State Department Foreign Affairs Officer Joseph Barghout had recently been in Syria and met with Zeitunah; we assume the SARG was fishing for information, knowing Barghout had entered the country


    So, I checked the VDC's own database for missing and detained people, and Razan and her cohorts still do not appear on either. It sometimes seems that only having the regime allegedly to blame gets you there, and that isn't the case here. Hey, she helped found the system ...
    VDC Entries VDC director Razan Zaitouneh
    I checked the IP-address. From where I sit, www.vdc-sy.info is served from IP-address in Sweden. Data for the IP-address say it is used by "Media Frontiers ApS".

    It took a month for the extraction plan to coalesce. In essence, according to two of those involved, Caesar had to die.

    Or at least it had to look that way to the regime, which would receive word that opposition forces had captured and killed an unnamed Defense Ministry employee.
    With that as “cover,” Caesar—who had already gathered up his most incriminating evidence—was then moved around Syria to evade detection.

  4. the task bringing out Caesar;
    SNC Hasan Shalabi. https://nsnbc.wordpress.com/2011/10/06/the-national-counsel-of-syria-and-u-s-unconventional-warfare/

    Al-Chalabi said he scrambled to arrange an exfiltration. Its scope was audacious: the task involved bringing out Caesar; securing a large archive of photographs; and making sure to establish a clear chain of custody so that the images might someday be used in legal proceedings against Syrian officials. The best option was to approach another opposition group, the Free Syrian Army, and tailor a joint operation with some battle-hardened forces known as the Strangers Battalion.


    They call themselves the ghuraba’a, or “strangers”

    The Leader of al-Ghourabaa brigade (Strangers brigade), Khalil al-Burdani, of Free Army militia, gets killed in Deir al-Zour province. http://www.voltairenet.org/article176097.html

    Razan Zaitouneh herself on a vid dated December 4 2013 to the FIDH

    The NED and FIDH
    Following the 2007 election of Nicolas Sarkozy as the leader of the French Republic, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) started to develop a real partnership with the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). Both organizations are also partners within the World Movement for Democracy. Carl Gershman, the president of NED, even went to France in December 2009 to meet with the FIDH to deepen collaboration between the two organizations and to discuss Africa. [1

    Who Then is Senator McCain?
    He is in fact President of the International Republican Institute (IRI), the republican branch of NED / CIA [12], since January 1993. This so-called "NGO" was officially established by President Ronald Reagan to extend certain activities of the CIA, in connection with the British, Canadian and Australian secret services.

  5. 2014
    France arranged to show the evidence to its fellow members at the Security Council and to the press on April 15, along with the report, written by the international law experts:
    The report, which is not associated with the UN and is based solely on information from the Syrian officer, relies on 55,000 photos that are “believed to correspond to more than 11,000 corpses,” the French mission said.

    The report coincides with a recent paper released by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights The UN paper cited testimony from, among others, a 30-year-old engineer who described being detained by Syrian Air Force intelligence officers at a military airport in Damascus. During one interrogation, guards stripped him naked, except for a blindfold, and hanged him from his cuffed hands to a tube in the ceiling

    Mazen al-Hamada from Deir Ezzor
    Al-Hamada was one such activist, arrested while smuggling baby formula to a woman in Damascus in March 2012 and bundled into a car.

    July 18, 2016 In Amsterdam, I also met Mazen al-Hamada, whose story was featured in a captivating New Yorker article by Ben Taub last spring. This Syrian refugee told of growing up and living a middle class life in Deir Ezzor.

    The youngest of 17 children, he had a good job as an engineer, and a close family. But he suffered after he denounced the human rights violations of the Assad regime.

    Mazen al-Hamada :Finally, I was transferred again to stand before the judge, then I was released on 3-9-2013.

  6. Said Mahmoud Hamada
    11 June 2012 Insurgents Named Responsible for Syrian Massacres
    “The documentary showed that the terrorist AbdulSalam Awwad al-Ali al-Hayyawi, nicknamed Abu Omar al-Shami from Deir Ezzor,23 years old, was the one who carried out al-Midan terrorist bombing using a 30-kg explosive-laden belt on April 27th.”

    It also “revealed that the explosives used in the terrorist bombings were manufactured at a blacksmith shop in Akraba, owned by the terrorist
    Said Mahmoud Hamada ,36 years old, nicknamed Abu Salah,

    who was a senior member of Jabhet al-Nasra. He recruited an Iraqi explosives’ expert called Taha.”

    Abdulrahman Al-Hamada (younger brother of Wael Hamada )
     The Gulf Centre for Human Rights is an independent centre and has been registered in Ireland

    Beirut, 06 August 2012 Since his (Mazen Darwish) arrest he has been held in secret detention although it is rumoured that he is being detained in the headquarters of the Fourth Division in Mazzeh along with
    other human rights defenders Abdulrahman Al-Hamada,
    Hany Al-Zetany, and Mansoor Hamid Al-Omary.

  7. In fact, Deir Ezzor is part of Syria’s wild east, a tribal region that was an Al Qaeda stronghold following the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and then again after the Arab Spring beginning in early 2011.
    Where Hamada says he was assigned a four-digit identification number during his confinement, many of Caesar’s victims were also tagged with a four-digit ID, which makes Hamada seem more plausible. Where Hamada reported a pile-up of dead bodies at the hospital in which he was interned, Caesar, clicking away at the same facility, also reported a gruesome pile-up. If Caesar is believable, then Hamada is as well.

    “These hospitals provide cover for the crimes of the regime,” said Nawaf Fares,
    a top Syrian diplomat and tribal leader who defected in 2012. “People are brought into the hospitals, and killed, and their deaths are papered over with documentation.” When I asked him, during a recent interview in Dubai, Why involve the hospitals at all?, he leaned forward and said, “Because mass graves have a bad reputation.”

    Fares is a Sunni Muslim[2] from Abu Kamal, near Deir al Zor,
    an eastern Syrian city.[9] His family is reported to partly be rooted in the Sunni tribe of Iraq’s Anbar Province, which extends to Syria’s eastern desert.[3] Fares is reported to be the leader of a powerful clan, Al Jarrah, in the Abu Kamal area, adjacent to Iraq.[8]

    And if Tlass proves too controversial a figure to head such a regime, there are other candidates. Syrian commentator Hassan Hassan noted in the Guardian that the importance of Nawaf al-Fares, the former Syrian envoy in Iraq, is rooted in efforts to utilise tribal ties to establish spheres of influence.

    One of the first ‘false flag’ massacres, created to incite a Libyan-styled foreign intervention, was the terrible Houla massacre ofMay 2012.
    They could not provide any motive, and ignored evidence from 15 independent witnesses who identified four local gunmen, two clans and a large Farouq FSA group led by Abdurrazzaq Tlass
    and Yahya Yusuf (Anderson 2015; Anderson 2016: Ch. 8)

  8. "Immediately after the massacre, the offenders are said to have filmed their victims,
    calling them Sunni victims, and distributed the videos via the Internet."

    The table covers the period from the beginning of the events in Syria until 15 March 2012
    Death toll of civilians: 3211 people.
    Death toll of police : 478 people.
    Death toll of Army and Security Forces : 2088 people ( as of 21 March 2012).

    - Death toll of women : 204 people.
    - Death toll of children : 56 people.
    Death toll of directly assassinated people : 106 people.

    Resulting in a total of 6143 deaths in the Syrian Arab Republic

    -Kidnapped civilians, army personnel, and police officers :1560 people,
    including 931 missing people.

    - Stolen government vehicles: 2256 vehicles

    March, April, 2011 none

    Qusayr (Agenzia Fides) - The Christian Maurice Bitar was killed in Qusayr, near the town of Homs where the Christian population - about a thousand people out of 10 thousand who lived there before the beginning of the violence - has been forced to flee after the 'ultimatum launched by an armed faction in the opposition forces led by General Abdel Salam Harba (see Fides 09/06/2012).

    On December 2, 2012, insurgents from al-Houla kidnapped around 500 Alawite civilians in Aqrab, Hama province. They denied them food and water, and made them breathe heavy smoke from burning tires. Half were freed in swaps, and the other half reportedly massacred on December 9 and 10. One likely victim was shown on rebel video - a young girl coated with smoke, her skull hacked open as if by a sword. Army shelling was blamed. [25]

  9. Farouq brigades Free Syria Army

    Throughout this time, the Committee was under the supervision and control of Saudi Interior Minister Prince Naif bin Abdul Aziz“  (25). Russian and Syrian Intelligence analysts have also recently found evidence, that the Al Qaeda “Omar Brigade”, which is an expert assassination squad based in Saudi Arabia had been detached to Syria. (26)

    Supreme Military Council (SMC)
    The SMC has 30 members, six representing each of five "fronts" in Syria - Northern (Aleppo and Idlib), Eastern (Raqqa, Deir al-Zour and Hassaka), Western (Hama, Latakia and Tartus), Central (Homs and Rastan) and Southern (Damascus, Deraa and Suwaida).
    SMC AFFILIATES Farouq Brigades Leader: Osama Juneidi

    The groups that are believed to receive generous support from the Brotherhood include the al-Farouq Brigade in Homs,
    Liwa al-Tawheed in Aleppo, Suqour al-Sham in Jabal al-Zawiya, and the Ahrar al-Sham Brigade in Idlib.9

    Abu Sakkar the "cannibal rebel" In February 2012, he was fighting with the Farouq Brigade, and they tried, and failed,
    to stop the regime taking Baba Amr.

    When the FSA fled Baba Amr, he started his own brigade, the Omar al-Farouq.

    They saw bitter fighting in Qusayr.

    Abu Sakkar’s real name is Khaled al Hamad and he’s from Baba Amr


    A recently released jihadist video produced by the Saraqeb Media Office features a group that calls itself
    the “Soldiers of the Omar Farouq Brigade in Syria” and urges Muslims to join the jihad against the army of embattled President Bashir al Assad. The group is named after a senior al Qaeda operative who was killed in Iraq in 2006.
    The video, which was obtained and translated by The Long War Journal, is titled “Turkish Mujahideen who are Conducting Jihad in Syria

    Jabhat an-Nusra is being taken over by al-Qaeda in Iraq
    The formations participating: Al Faruq ‘Umar brigade ......

    The group has suffered repeated splits, with several leading figures expelled and offshoots formed,
    including the more hardline Islamic Farouq Brigades and the Independent Omar al-Farouq Brigade.
    The Farouq Brigades' leader occupies senior positions in the SILF and SMC.

    Publié sur Souria Houria le 7 juin 2016
    The faction’s rule over Ghouta did not stop with the death of Alloush, however.
    Al-Tawba prison, one of the most notorious detention facilities operated by the group in Eastern Ghouta, s still used as a torture facility to repress dissent.

  10. Syrian National Movement (SNM)

    January 2014 He (Caesar) entrusted these images to the Syrian National Movement (SNM), an opposition political movement. Members of that group formed the Syrian Association for Missing and Conscience Detainees (SAFMCD), which took custody of the files

    The SAFMCD, which reviewed the entire collection, told Human Rights Watch that the examination number reaches 5,000 and then repeats with a letter after it: 5000a, 5000b, and so on.

    Sept. 2013.There were, also, nine dead bodies, one of which has the number '3234' on its forehead.
    VDC published a report on «branch 215» in Sept. 2013.

    April 25, 2013 2,250 unidentified dead
    Then there are the so-called "unknown men": the 2,250 unidentified dead, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, believed to be fighters from abroad who joined the rebels.

    A military doctor from the city of Rastan who defected later likewise had an assignment in the Homs military hospital in mid-March, 2012. He too provided details from the corpse collection site, which he saw in the exact same hospital courtyard. "I was there only briefly, but there were hundreds. They could hardly have all died or been killed in the hospital," he said. He wasn't witness to a corpse removal operation, saying he only saw soldiers packing the dead in white body bags.

    Why would a regime, which kills thousands of its own citizens, collects them in a discrete location and buries them in hidden mass graves, photograph and number the dead?
    Caesar says that one reason is so that death certificates could be issued.
    But why document bullet holes and signs of strangulation given the interest in concealing the true cause of death? The second reason mentioned by Caesar seems more important. The regime wanted to make a record of which security service was responsible for what death, he said according to the report.
    A kind of performance report for brutality.

    He (Caesar)says he was never witness to executions, nor did he see torture taking place

    But HRW also heard - from the central expert, "Caesar" himself - the same thing SNHR heard. He was speaking to the UN Congress in July. (HRW was unable to get their own direct interview with the defector, while the SNHR was. He might be going into more of a retirement mode these days.) "Caesar testified that the number was assigned at the time of the detainee’s arrival at the security branch." In all his careful observation, did the heroic whistle-blower never notice how consecutive numbers kept appearing together?
    Or did he think they were being killed off in the same exact order they came in? If so, why did he never mention that chilling - and fairly absurd - detail?

    Researchers identified 27 people shown in the photographs and documented their arrest by Syrian intelligence agencies and, in some cases, their ill-treatment and torture in detention.

  11. Syrian National Movement (SNM)
    After the LUS, the second most prominent component in the SIC
    is the Syrian National Movement (SNM) of Emad ad-Din al-Rashid,
    himself a board member, along with the SIC’s spokesperson, Fida al-Majdhub.
    (The Syrian Islamic Council (al-majlis al-islami al-suri, or SIC /League of the Ulema of Sham (LUS) )

    I met with al-Rasheed in Washington and also interviewed him by phone in Europe, where he now lives. “Caesar might not otherwise be a risk-taker,” al-Rasheed stated. “The horrendous things he saw forced him to be.”
    2014-01-23 A top official in the Syrian group that helped smuggle the trove said that a private legal team was examining and categorizing the photos to be used in future war crimes trials of Syrian officials.The man, Emad ad-din al-Rashid, the head of the political office of the Syria National Movement, said that the group had not shared its reported archive of 55,000 photos with any other organization, but that it was starting to make contact with international human rights groups.

    Hasan Shalabi. Though nothing is mentioned in mainstream media that could be used to positively identify him as such, there is a high likelihood for that the Hasan Shalabi that took part in the founding of the counsel, is identical with Dr. Hasan Shalabi who has founded and since been the President of The Islamic University in Beiruth (36)
    Caesar began working with a handler—a Syrian academic and human-rights figure named Hassan al-Chalabi.(vanity fairJune 11,2015 )

    On 14 August, 2014, Dr. Radwan Ziadeh, executive director of the Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies (SCPSS),
    met in Istanbul Dr. Emad Ad-Din Rashid, head of the political office of the Syrian National Movement,
    to discuss Syria Transition Roadmap, a document published by SCPSS and the Syrian Expert House detailing the Syrian opposition’s vision of the democratic transition in Syria. In the meeting the two parties conferred about methods to implement its recommendations, particularly Transitional Justice.

    Radwan Ziadh is also the Head of the Washington -based Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies,
    which has close ties to Zbigniew Brzezinski´s Center for Strategic and International Studies. Ziadh is actively promoting the psychological warfare narrative that the “Syrian Regime has Killed over 3.000 innocent people” (33)
    Radwan Ziadh is an “exiled” dissident, meaning he is an expatriate from Syria resident in the U.S.A.
    He is a former Reagan Fascell Fellow (31)  at the National Endowment for Democracy NED.

    At a closed briefing in Washington DC in mid-December 2011, he confirmed that the US State Department and the SWP-German Institute for International and Security Affairs (a think-tank that provides foreign policy analysis to the German government) were funding a project that is managed by the US Institute for Peace and SWP, working in partnership with the SNC, to prepare the SNC for the takeover and running of Syria.

  12. Monajed,founder-member of the Syrian National Council,

    Monajed, who provides the information to the Western media about the ‘mayhem’ committed by the Bashar al-Assad regime,wears many hats and is well-protected by British intelligence.
    He is a founder-member of the Syrian National Council,
    the group that is urging the Arab League to remove al-Assad, and Monajed is also a member of the London-based Syrian Observatory Committee for Human Rights.

    Some of Weiss's interventionist writings can be found on a Beirut-based, Washington-friendly website called "NOW Lebanon" – whose "NOW Syria" section is an important source of Syrian updates. NOW Lebanon was set up in 2007 by Saatchi & Saatchi executive Eli Khoury. Khoury has been described by the advertising industry as a "strategic communications specialist, specialising in corporate and government image and brand development".
    Weiss's original report was re-named "Safe Area for Syria" – and ended up on the official syriancouncil.org website,
    as part of their military bureau's strategic literature. The repurposing of the HJS report was undertaken by the founder and executive director of the Strategic Research and Communication Centre (SRCC) – one Ausama Monajed.

    So, the founder of Barada TV, Ausama Monajed, edited Weiss's report, published it through his own organisation (the SRCC) and passed it on to the Syrian National Council, with the support of the Henry Jackson Society.
    The relationship couldn't be closer. Monajed even ends up handling inquiries for "press interviews with Michael Weiss". Weiss is not the only strategist to have sketched out the roadmap to this war (many thinktanks have thought it out, many hawks have talked it up), but some of the sharpest detailing is his.

    19/04/2016 04:48 PM
    Thus unimpeded by any Libyaesque no-fly-zone, Assad’s air force set about pulverizing the country’s cities, towns and villages from the sky, while his army and shabbiha death squads stabbed, raped, shot, bombed, rocketed and SCUD-missiled their way along the ground. The bodies piled up – often literally, as in the graphic massacres of scores of men, women and children in Houla (May 2012); Al-Qubair (June); Daraya (August); and Bayda & Baniyas (May 2013); not to mention the torture dungeons where, photo evidence attests, over 6,000 people were thrashed and starved to death in just two Damascus locations alone. 

    Claims of “massacres”, “campaigns of rape targeting women and girls in predominantly Sunni towns” [10] “torture” and even “child-rape” [11] are reported by the international press based largely on two sources – the British-based Syrian Observatory of Human Rights and
    the Local Co-ordination Committees (LCCs) – with minimal additional checking or verification.

    Some Ikhwani front groups are well known. The Syrian Human Rights Committee has, under different names, monitored the Assad regime’s abuses since 1986. Walid Saffour, who was recently appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom by the National Coalition of Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces, has led the group since 2004.6 http://scpss.org/en/?p=272


  13. Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies Dr. Radwan Ziadeh – Executive Director Dr. Osama Kadi – President 

    Posted on Apr 3, 2009 Dr. Osama Kadi, Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies
    He was born in Aleppo, educated in Syria and the United State, and is a Canadian citizen.
    He works as an economic and an investment consultant.

    A case in point is “The Assad Files,” an 11,000-word article in last week’s New Yorker that is as willfully misrepresentative as anything published about Syria in the last five years or so, which is saying a great deal.
    Written by a young Columbia Journalism School graduate named Ben Taub, it tells of a
    Canadian political entrepreneur named William Wiley who, starting in 2012, persuaded the European Union and the German, Swiss, Norwegian, Danish and Canadian governments to give him millions of dollars so he could begin building a criminal case against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

    “This is great news for the Kingdom,” said Osama Al-Kadi, director of MPD at Saudi Aramco.

    On November 14, 2013, following the first meeting of the government of Syrian interim Prime Minister Ahmed Touma,
    Syrian Center for Political and Strategic Studies (SCPSS) President Dr. Osama Kadi was named Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs.
    As Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, Dr. Osama Kadi will advise
    Prime Minister Touma on means for rebuilding and revitalizing the economy in the liberated areas of Syria.

    Sep-25-2013 A new coalition has formed among eleven Syrian rebel organizations, according to a statement that Liwa al-Tawhid released late on September 24. Liwa al-Tawhid has hitherto fallen under the umbrella of the Syrian Military Council. The new Islamic alliance – which includes some of the most powerful factions from the FSA,
    the Syrian Islamic Front, and also Jabhat al-Nusra –aims to fight to establish an Islamic state under Shari’a law in Syria.

    It also rejects the Syrian National Coalition and the leadership of Ahmad Tohme – recently elected as the head of the Syrian opposition’s interim government – by name. The signatories to the document

    Tumeh, 48, is the secretary general of the Damascus Declaration, a group of veteran opposition figures who led a peaceful resistance to Assad before the revolt. A moderate Islamist from the eastern tribal province of Deir al-Zor,
    Tumeh was jailed several times during the uprising and was forced to flee the country earlier this year.He was imprisoned from 2007 to 2010 along with 11 prominent opposition members who had demanded that Assad embark on democratic change in the country, which has been ruled by the his family since 1970.

    Tumeh has worked closely with liberals and Islamists alike, including Riad al-Turk, the main political figure in the Damascus Declaration, who at 82 still operates underground in Syria, despite spending a total of 25 years as a political prisoner.-Reuters

    (C) Since 2008, expatriates have formed Damascus Declaration committees throughout Europe and the United States.
    Initially, Tello remarked, little coordination existed among the nascent "external committees" in the U.S., Britain, Belgium, France, and Germany. The MB, despite having a developed network in Europe and being signatory to the original Declaration, was left on the margin.

  14. Syrian Economic Task Force
    Dr. Osama Kadi President Syrian Economic Task Force

    The Atlantic Council’s Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East is launching a new initiative, Rebuilding Syria: Reconstruction and Legitimacy.
    The Atlantic Council is, obviously, an arm of the neocon Establishment.
    Its policies, such as promoting the White Helmet extremists, come directly from its deplorable Directors,

    Mouaz Moustafa is a Palestinian Arab and the Executive Director of the Syrian Emergency Task Force
    which arranged for McCain's visit. Senator McCain called Moustafa a "patriot".
    Mouaz Moustafa was born and raised in Damascus, Syria, before moving to America at the age of 12.
    Mouaz has since worked on Capitol Hill, Washington, on behalf of the Egyptian and Libyan revolutions,
    and we all know what a triumph for democracy the latter has turned into.
    In 2011, Moustafa headed the Libyan Emergency Task Force (LETF) that sought the removal of Muammar Gadhafi.
    1.abu mosa ISIS press officer
    2. ABU BAKR al BAGHDADI , head of ISIS
    3. JOHN mc CAIN
    4. muahmmad noor , syrian terrorists
    5. MOUAZ MOUSTAFA ,Syrian Emergency Task Force

    4/09/2013 Mouaz Moustafa propaganda for an US intervention

    Mouaz Moustafa close with Michael Weiss

    Michael Weiss is an American neoconservative who serves as the Executive director of Just Journalism, an Israel lobby media flak group based in the UK. He is also the Communications Director of the Henry Jackson Society.

    Intriguingly, one of the web addresses for Moustafa’s nonprofit is “syriantaskforce.torahacademybr.org.”
    The “torahacademybr.org” URL belongs to the Torah Academy of Boca Raton, Florida

    2014 Mouaz Moustafa analyst of The Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP)

    The Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) is an American think tank based in Washington, D.C.

  15. Mohammed Tennari and Mouaz Moustafa

    Dr. Mohamed Tennari listens to his translator during a hearing convened by the House Foreign Affairs Committee
    in Washington, June 17, 2015, to examine the use of chemical weapons in Syria by the Assad regime.


    On April 16, one month after the attack that killed the Taleb family,
    Dr. Mohammed Tennari, the director of the Sarmin field clinic in Idlib, testified about his experiences in front of the United Nations Security Council
    in an Arria-formula session hosted by U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power, who was brought to tears by his remarks
    In the evening of March 16, two Sarmin residents said they heard a helicopter.
    “We prepared to react to two attacks,” Leith Fares,
    a rescue worker with Syrian Civil Defence, told Human Rights Watch.

    Note: Mouaz Moustafa is a member of this SAFMCD and is also, usually, the public translator for "Caesar" when he appears.

    Torture in Syria and The Assad Files 21-Nov-16
    Mazen Al Hamada | Salem Ghandour, Syrian Emergency Task Force (SETF)

    Syrian Emergency Task Force March 2017
    March 28, 2017 Submitted photo CODE NAME CAESAR: Syrian Emergency Task Force founder and Executive Director Mouaz Moustafa, right, was interviewed by local media


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